Net Promoter Score® Calculation

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The Net Promoter Score definition

The Net Promoter Score is the world’s leading metric for measuring customer satisfaction and loyalty. It goes beyond measuring how satisfied a customer is with a company; the Net Promoter Score system is designed to gauge their willingness to recommend it to others.

Now that you know what the Net Promoter Score (NPS) is, let’s review how to calculate it.

Looking to run a survey that uses the NPS question? Get some tips and tricks before you do with “The ultimate guide to running a customer feedback program.”

The Net Promoter Score scale

The score comes from the NPS question, which is:

“On a scale of 0 to 10, how likely is it that you would recommend our organization to a friend or colleague?”

Based on the number a customer chooses, they’re classified into one of the following categories: “Detractors,” “Passives,” and “Promoters.”

Score breakdowns:

0 – 6: Detractors

7 – 8: Passives

9-10: Promoters

You can think of the NPS system as similar to a four-star system on an online review, but the NPS scale gives you a broader way (and a more accurate method) to measure customer’s opinions.

Already know how many Detractors, Passives, and Promoters you have from your survey? Use our NPS calculator to get your score in seconds.

How to calculate your company’s Net Promoter Score

Let’s say you’ve sent out an online poll with the NPS question and the 0-10 scale, and you’ve received 100 responses from customers. What do you do with the results? Is it as simple as averaging the responses? Well, not quite. But it’s almost that easy.

The NPS system gives you a percentage, based on the classification that respondents fall into—from Detractors to Promoters. So to calculate the percentage, follow these steps:

– Enter all of the survey responses into an Excel spreadsheet.
– Now, break down the responses by Detractors, Passives, and Promoters.
– Add up the total responses from each group.
– To get the percentage, take the group total and divide it by the total number of survey responses.
– Now, subtract the percentage total of Detractors from the percentage total of Promoters—this is your NPS score.

Let’s break it down:

(Number of Promoters — Number of Detractors) / (Number of Respondents) x 100

Example: If you received 100 responses to your survey:

10 responses were in the 0–6 range (Detractors)

20 responses were in the 7–8 range (Passives)

70 responses were in the 9–10 range (Promoters)

When you calculate the percentages for each group, you get 10%, 20%, and 70% respectively.

To finish up, subtract 10% (Detractors) from 70% (Promoters), which equals 60%. Since an example Net Promoter Score is always shown as just an integer and not a percentage, your NPS is simply 60. (And yes, you can have a negative NPS, as your score can range from -100 to +100.)

Performing these calculations might seem overwhelming, but it’s well worth the effort. Numerous research studies prove that the NPS system correlates with business growth. In fact, studies by the Harvard Business Review and Satmetrix have found that companies across industries earn a higher income when they improve their Net Promoter Scores.

So, if you’re looking for a more scientific way to understand your brand’s strength, the NPS is a straightforward system to use. And if you’re looking to contextualize your score, you can benchmark it against others in your industry.

Or, let SurveyMonkey handle the Net Promoter Score calculations for you

If you wish to speed up the process, SurveyMonkey will tabulate the NPS scores for you when you send our online poll to your customers. Simply sign in to SurveyMonkey, or create your account. Choose the NPS Survey Template and get started.

We’ve even added helpful open-ended survey questions to the template so you understand why people gave you a particular rating:

– What changes could this company (insert your brand name) have made for you to give it a higher rating?
– What does this company (insert your brand name) do really well?

Remember, the beauty of the NPS system is its simplicity, so don’t get carried away by adding a lot more questions to the example questionnaire, and avoid too many questions that ask about all of the parts of your business.

Instead, the targeted follow-up questions, also called diagnostic questions, will help you learn from your Detractors (the “What can we do to improve?” question) and from your Promoters (the “What are we doing really well?” question). It’s that simple.

You’ve finished your Net Promoter Score calculation. Now what?

So you’ve sent out the NPS survey sample to your customers. You’ve compiled the results and ran the numbers. You now have your Net Promoter Score number—maybe it’s a 52. Is that good or bad?

Well, like many things in life, it’s really all relative. If your competitors have NPS numbers in the high 60s, you’re probably going to try to figure out out where your brand could improve. On the other hand, if your competitors all have scores in the low 40s, you’re doing just fine.

Instead of taking wild guesses as to where your competition stands, why not let SurveyMonkey do the work for you? We offer NPS benchmarks so you can get context for your Net Promoter Score.

How it works is simple: We’ve gone through hundreds of industries and ran the numbers. We’ll give you a comparison scale for your industry so you can see how you rank. Use the data to understand where your company could make improvements—or take the results as confirmation that you should keep doing what you’re doing if it turns out you rank high against your competition.

Ready to get started? We’ve got everything you need to get your Net Promoter Score. Send our example NPS questionnaire to your customers to learn whether they like your brand so much they’d recommend it.

NPS, Net Promoter & Net Promoter Score are registered trademarks of Satmetrix Systems, Inc., Bain & Company and Fred Reichheld.

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