1. ADEPT Questionnaire for African Diaspora In Europe

It is estimated that 30 million individuals of the African Diaspora live outside their country of origin and jointly, they contribute about US$40 billion in remittances to their families and communities back home every year (IFAD 2014). Apart from remitting money home, the African Diasporas are engaged in several development projects in countries of origin. Some of the development projects achieved their aims, whilst others failed. There are other development interventions the Diaspora could have engaged with but have no ideas how to go about them. Many African Diaspora in Europe cannot engage meaningfully with their countries of origin after many years away and acquired another citizenship, which in some cases are not recognised by the governments of these countries. In recent years, many African countries have approved dual citizenship to their Diaspora and some with restrictions or qualifications.  As an example, in many African countries dual citizens may not hold specified public office, participate in politics or vote in elections.

The Africa-Europe Diaspora Development Platform (ADEPT) is a network of African Diaspora Development Organisations (ADDOs) based in 28 EU states, plus Norway and Switzerland, who are active in African development. It serves as a point of contact and reference for anyone interested in African development issues and migration and development policy more broadly. The ADEPT project is funded by the European Commission and the Swiss Agency for Development Cooperation (SDC), and is delivered by the African Foundation for Development (AFFORD), a pioneering UK-based diaspora organisation, with support from the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD) in Vienna.

ADEPT has commissioned this research as part of its wider engagement with the Africa Diaspora in Europe aimed to developing policies that will inform its work.

The aim of the questionnaire is to consult diverse range of individuals and African Diaspora development organisations in Europe on dual citizenship; why it is important to have dual citizenship, the advantages and disadvantages; challenges and opportunities and to help the ADEPT network in adopting a common positions on the importance of Dual Citizenship from Diasporas point of view to engage African countries on dual citizenship policies. 

1. Name of the respondent (optional)

2. What type of stakeholder are you?

3. What is your country of Origin?

4. Does your country of origin allows dual citizenship?

5. Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements by ticking the appropriate box ?

  Strongly Disagree Disagree Undecided Agree Strongly Agree
Dual citizens are citizen of two countries and they are loyal to both countries.
As a dual citizen, you can freely move between two or more countries without the need for a visa.
Dual citizens can get employment or set up businesses in either of the countries they are citizen.
Dual citizens have equal rights before the law in the two countries they are citizens.
Dual citizens hold two passports that makes their traveling easy between countries.

6. Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements, by ticking the appropriate box?

  Strongly Disagree Disagree Undecided Agree Strongly Agree
Dual citizens have difficulty to have allegiance to both countries they are citizens.
Dual citizens are losing revenue to double taxation payments when they operate or are employed in both countries they are citizens.
As a dual citizen, one has to deal with a different legal systems in each of the countries you are a citizen.
As a dual citizens, it is difficult to have loyalty when your two countries are in conflict.

7. Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements by ticking the appropriate box?

  Strongly Disagree Disagree Undecided Agree Strongly Agree
a. Countries that do not recognize dual citizenship are losing talented citizens who can contribute to national development.
b. Countries that do not recognize dual citizenship are losing revenue from citizens who acquired another citizenship and have to give up their citizenship.
c. Countries that do not recognize dual citizenship do not attract much investments from their former citizens.
d. Countries that do not recognize dual citizenship have bureaucracy of visa application and residency permit for former citizens visiting.

8. Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements by ticking the appropriate box?

  Strongly Disagree Disagree Undecided Agree Strongly Agree
Diaspora should have voting rights to elect political representatives in their countries of origin.
Diaspora should have rights to own land in their countries of origin.
Diaspora should have visa free entry to countries of origin.
Diaspora should have rights to associate with any political party or civil society group of their choice in their countries of origin.

9. Please indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each of the following statements by ticking the appropriate box?

  Strongly Disagree Disagree Undecided Agree Strongly Agree
Countries of origin should offer their Diaspora dual citizenship rights.
Countries of origin should offer their Diaspora incentives to those wanting to invest in the country.
Countries of origin should encourage their Diaspora to participate in politics.
African countries should organise events which encourages their diaspora to return and contribute to national developmen.
African countries should have a special department responsible for the Diaspora.

10. Do you think African governments have a role to get their Diaspora active in national development?

11. Do you think the civil society have a role to get Diaspora active in national development?

12. Do you have any other comments?

13. Please provide your email address below if you are interested receiving the survey report.

Thank you for your time answering the questions.

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