Fusarium Producer Survey Part 2

In support of Peace Region producers and protecting their products. If you haven't already, please complete part one of the survey by clicking here.

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* 1. Do you believe municipalities and seed cleaning plants should continue to monitor for the spread of fusarium head blight?

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* 2. Alberta Agriculture and Forestry Minister Dreeshen removed Fusarium head blight (Fusarium graminearum) from the Pest and Nuisance Control Regulation of the Agricultural Pests Act on June 3rd, 2020. Do you support this removal?

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* 3. Do you believe Fusarium head blight caused by Fusarium graminearum is a threat to your farm?

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* 4. Are you aware a Fusarium graminearum infestation can cause significant losses to revenue: “These levels of outbreak (0.5%, 1.2% and 2.2%) result in a downgrade from grade #1 to #2, #3 and feed wheat, respectively. There is a small decrease in yields, but the main economic impact is from the lower grade values. With 0.5% disease severity, the total revenue loss from reduced yield and downgrade to grade #2 is about $12 per acre. When the wheat is downgraded further to grade #3 or feed wheat, the economic impact increases significantly to $35 and $101 per acre, respectively.” Learn more click here

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* 5. Are you aware the malting industry has a zero tolerance for Fusarium graminearum? Other industries have strict tolerances as well. Learn more click here.

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* 6. Are you aware that, “the presence of DON in food products is increasingly being regulated, and tolerance limits have been established in many countries.” Which could possibly lead to serious export implication? Learn more click here.

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* 7. Are you aware that infested seed with Fusarium graminearum and subsequent DON mycotoxin can decrease weight gain, overall health and fertility in livestock. “Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada guidelines for acceptable feed are 1 ppm of DON for swine, dairy cattle and horses, and 5 ppm for beef cattle, sheep and poultry.” Learn more click here

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* 8. Are you aware Fusarium graminearum has a significant ability to decrease revenue in the Agriculture sector, “losses in Canada due to FHB have ranged from $50 million to $300 million annually since the early 1990s. Direct and secondary economic losses due to FHB for all crops in the Northern Great Plains and central USA were estimated to be $2.7 billion from 1998 to 2000 alone.”

These numbers do not consider the increased costs placed on producers to manage the disease. Learn more click here.

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* 9. Are you aware seed treatments alone are not the most effective best management practice to control Fusarium graminearum, as it relies on an integrated approach—starting with high quality seed?

A study by AAFC found, “in the seed lot with the highest level of F. graminearum infection (63%), fungicidal seed treatments improved plant emergence and grain yield. In the three seed lots with moderate levels of infections (25 to 35%), seed treatments improved emergence, but did not significantly affect grain yield. In four seed lots with lower levels of F. graminearum infection (5 to 10%) seed treatments had no significant effect on emergence or grain yield…Seed treatments did not significantly affect the test weight in the harvested grain.

In conclusion, fungicidal seed treatments did not consistently improve the agronomic performance of F. graminearum-infected common wheat, durum wheat, or barley seed in eastern Saskatchewan.” May, W.E., M.R. Fernandez, and G.P. Lafond. 2010. Effect of fungicidal seed treatments on the emergence, development, and grain yield of Fusarium graminearum-infected wheat and barley seed under field conditions. Can. J. Plant Sci. 90:893–904. doi:10.4141/cjps09173

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* 10. Did you or do you intend on requesting a refund of your check-off dollars from
Alberta Wheat or Alberta Barley Commissions?

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