International Study on Pediatric Nurses Asked to Care for Adult Patients due to COVID Epidemic

This research study is being conducted by Anita Catlin, PhD, FNP, CNL, FAAN in the United States and Marcia Santos, MSN, PhD Candidate in Coimbra Portugal and Joana Mendes, PhD, MS, in Lisbon Portugal. We are three pediatric nurse researchers concerned with the position of pediatric nurses asked to or directed to care for adult patients during the COVID epidemic. This survey is important as we are attempting to create a White Paper with recommendations for using pediatric nurses to care for adult patients. To participate, you must meet the inclusion criteria and agree to the consent. There are two surveys. The first asks your opinions about caring for adult patients, the second asks about your skills. It may take you 30 minutes to complete both surveys. You may take just one or both surveys.  Please contact us if you have any questions. Our contacts are listed on the Consent Form. Many thanks.

Question Title

* 1. To participate, you must answer yes to the following question:
I Consider Myself a Pediatric Nurse (defined as a nurse who normally works with any group of children, including adolescents, in clinics, in the pediatric or neonatal intensive care unit, or with healthy newborns)

Question Title

* 2. To participate, you must answer yes to the following question.
During the COVID Epidemic, I was asked to care for Adult Patients

Kaiser Permanente Vallejo, California
STUDY TITLE: International Study on Pediatric Nurses Asked to Care for Adult Patients due to COVID Epidemic Worldwide

This study is being conducted by Dr. Anita Catlin, California, Dr. Joana Mendes, Portugal, and Marcia Santos, MSN, PhD-Candidate, Portugal. Our aim is to provide an in-depth description of the phenomena of pediatric nurses who were asked to care for adult patients during the COVID epidemic. We are asking participants worldwide to describe:
1.   The demographics and descriptors of the pediatric nurses and conditions under which they began to care for adult patients.
2.   The facilitators and barriers to comfort in caring for Adult Patients
3.   The preparation or lack of preparation for this change in practice focus
4.   The skills they felt prepared to perform and those which they were underprepared for
5.   The recommendations by pediatric nurses for future epidemics or disasters
You may decide if you wish to participate. To be included, you must be a registered nurse who normally worked with children 18 and younger. Participation is voluntary and anonymous. No personal information will be collected. This study is in line with the international legislation for the protection of personal data.
Who is funding this study?
The research is funded in part by a research grant from the Lambda Gamma Sigma Theta Tau Chapter at Sonoma State University in Rohnert Park, California.
What is the purpose of this study?
We are attempting to provide a full description of the phenomena of pediatric nurses asked to provide care for adult patients during the worldwide COVID Epidemic in 2020 and 2021. We would like to create a White paper with recommendations for national nursing organizations.
Why am I being asked to take part in this study?
We are asking you to participate because you are a member of a pediatric nursing organization, a reader of a pediatric nursing journal, and/or a self-identified pediatric nurse.
How many participants will take part in this study?
We are hoping to enroll 500 nurses in the study.
How long will I be in this study?
The study will take you about 30 minutes to complete. You can choose to participate in one or both sets of questions. The first set is on your opinions of caring for adult patients. The second set is on the skills needed to do so. That is your only commitment.
What will happen if I take part in this study?
If you agree to take part in this study and sign this consent form, the following things will happen:
We will give you the following survey in Survey Monkey.
You will answer the questions asked about your transition from caring for children to caring for adults.
Will the information collected be used in future research?
·      Your information will not be stored or used for future research.
What are my responsibilities while I am in this study?
•    Fill out the attached survey.
What are the potential risks, side effects and discomforts of being in this study?
You will be answering personal questions which may cause slight discomfort. We are available by telephone or email at any time to talk to you about any concerns about the study. You may refuse to answer any of the questions that you do not wish to answer. If the questions make you upset, we direct you to a psychologist who can assist you.
Dr. Michael Hynan, in the United States, speaks English, and can be reached at
Dr. Danai Papadatou, in Greece, speaks English, French and Greek, and can be reached at
Are there any benefits to being in this study?
We are uncertain whether you will benefit directly, however we hope that giving your opinions about this topic will help create guidelines for others in the future.
What are my choices if I do not want to be
CONSENT, Continued 
You are not required to be in the study.
Will I be paid to take part in this study?
What will happen if I am injured during the study?
We do not expect that you would experience any injury.
Will my information be kept confidential?
No personal information is being asked for. All of your answers will remain confidential. Your identity will not be revealed in any publication about the study results.
Can I choose to not participate or withdraw from the study?
Participation in this study is completely voluntary. You are free to refuse to participate in this study. If you decide to participate, you are free to change your mind and discontinue participation at any time. We will use whatever material you submit unless you contact us to withdraw it.
If you decide that you no longer wish to continue in this study, you will be requested to notify the primary investigator or study director listed at the end of this form.
Will I receive new information about the study while participating?
What if I have any questions or problems?
In case of study-related questions, problems or injuries, you can call the investigator responsible for the study within Kaiser Permanente in Northern California
Anita Catlin  United States    +1 707 486 7998
Or contact the participating authors 
Marcia Santos
Joana Mendes
 Questions about your rights as a study participant, comments or complaints about the study may be presented to the Kaiser Permanente Northern California Institutional Review Board 1800 Harrison Street, Oakland.  California, USA 94612, or 1-866-241-0690.
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