Thanks for taking part in the 2023 Web Development Survey! Every answer you give is appreciated. Our goal is to give every web developer a sense of where the industry is now, and where it's going in the next year. This survey is for and by the community, so we'll be sharing the results for free with everyone once the survey is complete.

Unless otherwise specified, each question refers to what you've been doing in the last 12 months.

There are between 16 and 24 questions (depending on what you answer, we sometimes have follow-up questions). Answering should take you from 7 to 12 minutes.

Nearly every question is optional, so feel free to skip questions if you're not sure what to answer.

The survey is anonymous unless you choose to give us an email for follow-up questions at the end.

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* 1. Which of these job titles best describes the work you do? If your job has changed recently, pick the closest match to your current role.

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* 2. What's your employment status? If your status has changed in the last 12 months, pick your current status.

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* 3. How useful do you find these sources for improving your technical knowledge?

  Never used/not aware of Not useful Somewhat useful Very useful
Discord/Slack communities
Hacker News
Stack Overflow