Climate crisis and environmental degradation are challenging sustainable economic development. Resorting to investments in a Green Economy can help overcome such challenges as well as secure a just and equitable future that improves people’s lives through the advancement of environmental and social well-being. This green transition will affect the world of work through the creation of new jobs together with the need to reskill and upskill employees.
Green Economy: A green economy is defined as low carbon, resource efficient and socially inclusive[1].
Green Jobs: Green jobs are decent jobs in any economic sector (from traditional sectors such as construction to emerging green sectors such as renewable energy) which contribute to preserving, restoring and enhancing environmental quality[2].

Green jobs help to improve the efficiency of raw materials and energy, protect and restore ecosystems by minimizing waste and pollution, limit greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and support the adaptation to the effects of climate change. At a production level, green jobs do not necessarily have to lead to producing environmental goods or services but can contribute to more environmentally friendly processes. For instance, green jobs can reduce food waste or improve recycling systems.

Green/greening occupations: Green occupations are emerging new occupations resulting from the green transitions (e.g., garbage collection vehicle drivers, forest guards, environmental engineers)

Greening occupations are existing occupations whose skills shall be adapted to the green transition (e.g., roofers)[3]
Green skills: Green skills refer to “the knowledge, abilities, values and attitudes needed to live in, develop and support a society which reduces the impact of human activity on the environment”[4]

[1] and [2] ILO (2016). What is a green job? Retrieved from:
[3] Cedefop (2018). Skills for green jobs in France: an update. Available at:
[4] Cedefop (2012) Green skills and environmental awareness in vocational education and training. Synthesis report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, p.20. Retrieved from:

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