1. Information and Consent

Researchers: Bridgette Cocquyt SRT, Julie Brown RRT, Amal Shahzad SRT, Bailey Narasnek SRT, Diti Das SRT, Emily Van Niekerk SRT, Lily Sun SRT, Sierra Roberts SRT, Rewand Latvanen RRT, Dave Wall RRT, Yvonne Drasovean RRT, Greg Donde RRT, Gary Sullivan students and faculty in the School of Health Sciences at Fanshawe College, London, ON, Canada.


You are invited to participate in a research study on current practices in Canada of bag mask ventilation in patients with facial hair. This is a research project conducted by students and faculty in the Respiratory Therapy program at Fanshawe College, London, ON, Canada.

Before you decide whether or not you wish to participate in this study, it is important for you to understand why the research is being done and what it will involve. Please take the time to read the following information carefully and discuss it with others if you wish.

What is the purpose of this study?

Effective bag mask ventilation requires a tight seal between a patient’s face and the resuscitation device mask (Higginson & Parry, 2013).  Facial hair can impede the tight seal and cause gas leakage around the mask interface leading to inadequate ventilation (Alkan et al., 2021). The presence of facial hair is an independent predictor of difficult or impossible mask ventilation (Kheterpal et al., 2009; Gavish et al., 2020). Current practice for providing bag mask ventilation to patients with facial hair varies by institution and by individual health care provider. A literature review was conducted to identify current practices for manual ventilation in patients with facial hair. We have identified a gap in the literature and a lack of consistency for providing bag mask ventilation in patients with facial hair. 

The goal of this project is to investigate techniques currently used by Respiratory Therapists and Anesthesia Assistants in Canada for obtaining an adequate seal, ensuring effective bag mask ventilation in patients with facial hair. The data obtained from this investigation can be used to inform clinicians with future airway management of patients with facial hair.
Why have I been invited to participate in this study?

You have been invited to participate in this study as a student with clinical experience, graduate or registered Respiratory Therapist, or Student/Certified Clinical Anesthesia Assistants (CCAA) in Canada who speaks either English or French and is over the age of 18.

What does this study involve? 

You are under no obligation to participate in this study. If you choose to take part, you will be asked to answer a short on-line survey that should take no more than 10 minutes. The survey via SurveyMonkey® link will be open from January 28th, 2023 to February 28th, 2023. You may refrain from answering any survey questions that make you uncomfortable and you may choose to quit the survey at any time without penalty. This survey is anonymous and voluntary and freely participating and submission of the survey is taken as consent.

How will my confidentiality be protected?

All information gathered in the course of this research is anonymous and confidential. No identifiable information will be used or published. Data collected will be stored in a confidential drive in a locked cabinet in D3018, Fanshawe College, Health Science Office for three years for review purposes following the study completion and then securely destroyed. 

What will happen to the information that I give you?

The information collected through the survey questions will be reviewed, analyzed and shared through conference talks (Target CSRT National Education Forum 2023 or Respiratory Therapy Society of Ontario Education Day 2023) , poster presentations (Fanshawe Faculty Research Innovation Day 2023, CSRT National Education Forum 2023 or Respiratory Therapy Society of Ontario Education Day 2023) and publication(Target Canadian Journal for Respiratory Care 2023) for you to read after.

What  should  I  do  if  I  want  to  discuss  this  study  further  before  I  decide?  

If you have any questions or concerns regarding the study, you may contact: Julie Brown at 1460 Oxford Street, East, P.O. Box 7005, London, ON Canada N5Y 5R6  (519) 452-4207 x 14350

Who  should  I  contact  if  I  have  concerns  about  the  conduct  of  this  study?

Fanshawe College Human Research Ethics Committee has approved this project. If you have any complaints or reservations about the ethical conduct of this project, you may contact the Committee through The Fanshawe College Research Ethics Board c/o Centre for Research and Innovation (CRI), Fanshawe College, Room K1024, 1001 Fanshawe College Blvd. London, ON, Canada  N5Y 5R6.

We strive to ensure the confidentiality of your research-related records. Absolute confidentiality cannot be guaranteed, as we may be required by law to disclose certain information to relevant authorities.

Please note that the online survey is hosted by “Survey Monkey” which is a web survey company located in the U.S.A. All responses to the survey will be stored and accessed in the U.S.A. This company is subject to U.S. laws.  If you choose to participate in the survey you understand that your responses to the questions will be stored and accessed in the U.S.A. The security and privacy policy for Survey Monkey can be viewed at Survey Monkey.com 

Any issues you raise will be treated in confidence and investigated fully and you will be informed of the outcome.

Question Title

* 1. The purpose of the research has been explained to me and I have read and understood the information above. By clicking on the study link and completing the questions, I voluntarily agree to participate in the Study, as set forth above.