World Harbour Project

Thank you for participating in this survey. We appreciate your time and effort.


This survey is being conducted by the World Harbour Project and supported by the University of Science Malaysia. The goal of the survey is to understand what people think of ecological engineering in harbours. Ecological engineering is the process of combining ecology with engineering to enhance the ecological value of buildings and infrastructure. This information will be used to develop better planning and management strategies for ecological engineering in harbours around the world.

This survey consists of four parts:

1) Questions about your use of the harbour

2) Questions about your views on man-made structures in the harbour

3) Questions about your views on ecological engineering

4) Questions about your background, to make sure we collect information that reflects all backgrounds in the population living in the area



All responses are confidential and the survey will take approximately 10 minutes to complete.

PART 1: This first section focuses on the way in which you use the harbour. To clarify, the harbour is the area defined as 2 km around the coast (within the blue line). The foreshore is defined as 0.5 km from the coast into coastal waters

<span style="color: #3366ff;">PART 1: This first section focuses on the way in which you use the harbour. To clarify, the harbour is the area defined as 2 km around the coast (within the blue line). The foreshore is defined as 0.5 km from the coast into coastal waters</span>

* Select all the ways you use the harbour (Select all that apply)

* How do you primarily use the harbour? (Select one answer)

* What is the frequency of your main activity? (Select one answer)

* What percentage of your income do you get from the harbour? (Select one answer, Note: If you work within 2 km of the harbour boundary, in any employment sector, then 100% of your income comes from the harbour).

PART 2: For this section, harbour development will be the focus. We would like to understand your views about the use of all man-made structures (e.g. jetties, breakwaters, groynes and seawalls) in your harbour.

<span style="color: #3366ff;">PART 2: For this section, harbour development will be the focus. We would like to understand your views about the use of all man-made structures (e.g. jetties, breakwaters, groynes and seawalls) in your harbour.</span>

*  What are your views on the harbour environment? (Select one answer for each statement)

  Strongly disagree Disagree Indifferent or I don’t know Agree Strongly agree
The harbour and foreshore environments are generally healthy
The harbour and foreshore environments have been degraded by human development
Maintaining a healthy harbour during development will improve quality of life for people living in and around the harbour
Building man-made structures has improved quality of life for people in and around the harbour
Building man-made structures has enabled economic development in and around the harbour

* How would you rate your knowledge of the harbour? (Select one answer)

* How would you rate your concern for the harbour environment? (Select one answer)

* Considering the whole harbour, what do you think is the dominant structure in your harbour (click on the answer to see a photo), in terms of area (Select one answer)?

* What do you think the purpose is of your selected dominant man-made structure? (Select one answer)

* Do you think any natural habitats are impacted by your chosen structure? (Select one answer)

* If yes is chosen: Which habitat(s) do you think are most impacted by your chosen structure? (Select all that apply)

PART 3: In the next section we are interested in your views on ecological engineering. Ecological engineering is the practice of combining engineering and ecology to minimise the ecological impacts of artificial structures (such as jetties, groynes and seawalls). Ecological engineering options include, replacing man-made structures or planting on man-made structures with habitat-forming species, building with natural or eco-friendly materials and/or adding new features.

<span style="color: #3366ff;">PART 3: In the next section we are interested in your views on ecological engineering. Ecological engineering is the practice of combining engineering and ecology to minimise the ecological impacts of artificial structures (such as jetties, groynes and seawalls). Ecological engineering options include, replacing man-made structures or planting on man-made structures with habitat-forming species, building with natural or eco-friendly materials and/or adding new features.</span>

* Are you interested in ecological engineering? (Select one answer)

* How would you rate your knowledge of ecological engineering? (Select one answer)

* Are you supportive of ecological engineering in the harbour? (Select one answer)

* What are the positive effects of ecological engineering (Select one answer for each statement)

  Strongly agree Agree Indifferent or I don't know Disagree Strongly disagree
Ecological engineering in harbours is generally important
Increasing abundance of native species is important
Aesthetics and making ecological engineering visually appealing is important
Reducing the abundance of invasive species is important
Improving nursery habitats for native species is important
Improving the water quality is important
Stabilising the shoreline is important
Minimising risks of degradation to existing habitats is important

* What are the negative effects of ecological engineering? (Select one answer for each statement)

  Strongly agree Agree Indifferent or I don't know Disagree Strongly disagree
It interferes with harbour structures
It has increased cost of development
It has an environmental impact
It has health and safety concerns
There are no concerns with ecological engineering

* What do you think about the cost of ecological engineering in your harbour (Select one answer for each statement)

  Strongly agree Agree Indifferent or I don't know Disagree Strongly disagree
I would be willing to donate money
I would be willing to pay extra taxes
I would be willing to pay a council levy
I would be willing to vote to ensure businesses include the costs in future developments
PART 4: The last section of this survey asks for information about your cultural, professional and ancestral background, which will help us to understand the connection between you and the harbour. All of the results from this survey are anonymous.

* Which age range do you belong to? (Select one answer)

* Which gender are you? (Chose one answer)

* What is the highest level of schooling or higher education qualification you have achieved? (Select one answer)

* What approximately is your income before tax, per annum? (Select one answer)

* Are you a member of any of the following stakeholder groups? (Select all that apply)

* What is the number of years you have been living within the harbour? (Select one answer)

* Where were you born? (Select one answer)

* What is the predominant language spoken by you at home? (Select one answer)

* How would you rate your understanding of the survey? (Select one answer)

* Which area do you live?

Click on the text  to complete the Mapping exercise

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