Research project on Transitional Justice

The OSCE Presence in Albania, in co-operation with Konrad-Adenauer-Stifung, are launching a Call for Applications for research projects on transitional justice, this will include an autumn school to be held from 26th November to 30th November 2018 in Tirana, Albania and the pursuit of academic research projects over  a period of 12 months. 

The transitional justice research programme is a multifaceted and interdisciplinary research endeavour that encompasses support and mentoring for scholars in early stages of their academic path but that could demonstrate a solid research interest in understanding processes, mechanisms, patterns, dynamics, drivers, actors, challenges, outcomes and gaps of the processes of Albania dealing with its communist past. 

Based on a sound research methodology framework developed by an interdisciplinary team of Albanian scholars and revised by international experts, this program will initiate some empirical studies to enrich the understanding about transitional justice mechanisms, context and actors in Albania. Findings and lessons learned shall be debated at an international conference that will be organized in 2019. This program will complement existing work in transition and justice studies in Albania. It shall foster the conduct of research and critical inquiry in the field of transitional justice, enhance academic analysis and contribute to a better informed public and academic discourse on how to deal with the past in Albania more generally.

The applicants are invited to join as a team or work individually with their research projects, making use of data coming from multiple sources of information gathered via mixed methods, quantitative and qualitative evidence gathered at the individual and institutional level analysis.

The research will tell us about how the design and impact of transitional justice measures in Albania was shaped by actions and intentions internal actors such as victims and witnesses; political leaders and society; perpetrators and collaborators but also external ones such as international experts, diplomats and journalists. The research will aim to collect primary data from survived victims and their family members; witnesses and collaborators in the previous regime; civil servants and other representatives from commissions, courts and other institutions established to deal with the communist past; in addition to secondary data from civil society, experts and media. 

The applicants should come up with research concepts that aim at understanding drivers of transitional justice in Albania and especially “how specific actors dealt with the communist past”, addressing one or more of the following topics or research questions:  

- What constitutes transitional justice in Albania? What are some of the dynamics and patterns in terms of processes, mechanisms, models implemented in Albania since ’90, addressing directly communist legacies or affecting indirectly transitional justice outcomes?

- How legal and institutional context of the post-communist transition shaped the process of dealing with the past? What other socioeconomic, cultural patterns; society norms of justice    shall be considered in the context analyses?  

- Who were the main drivers of transitional justice in Albania and how internal or external drivers might have either pushed for or hinder transitional justice efforts?

- How relevant actors and opportunities / constraints of the transitional contexts shaped the choices and outcomes of transitional justice and of the transformations in Albania?