Consent to participate in the research

5% of survey complete.
This is a survey on attitudes towards and experiences of public spitting around the world.

It will take approximately 6-7 minutes to complete.

The purpose of the research is to better understand a behaviour that has different meaning and takes different forms in different societies. All data will be anonymised and participation will be confidential. You can withdraw from the survey at any point without penalty.

More information on the research can be found here:

Any questions should be forwarded to Professor Ross Coomber at

Question Title

* 1. I confirm that I consent to take part in this research