Development and Validation of the Racial Battle Fatigue Scale

The purpose of this research study is to develop a racial battle fatigue scale from the real life experiences of university and college students (current and graduates). We are doing this study because we want to develop a better questionnaire to determine race-related stress for college students.

We would like to ask you some questions in order assess the validity of a scale we are developing about experiences with racism and discrimination as it relates to a person’s health and stress. A faculty member and/or a research assistant administer the survey. Once you have completed the survey, we will ask you if you want to participate in a follow-up interview or survey. We will ask for an email address to later contact you.

The risks of your participation in this study are minimal. You may feel upset thinking about or talking about personal information related to how you experience racism related to stress. These risks are similar to those you experience when discussing personal information with others. If you feel upset from this experience, you can tell the researcher, and she or he will tell you about resources available to help. If you choose to be contacted in the future, the email address you give will not be associated with the survey you complete, as the individual administering the survey will detach that page of the survey.

Your information will be kept confidential. The data will be stored at the secured, password protected website and available only to those designated for analysis. No personal identifying data will be collected, other than age, gender, race/ethnicity, marital status, country of citizenship and educational level.

If you have any questions complaints or if you feel you have been harmed by this research please contact William A. Smith, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Education, Culture, & Society, University of Utah at (801) 587-7814.

Contact the Institutional Review Board (IRB) if you have questions regarding your rights as a research participant. Also, contact the IRB if you have questions, complaints or concerns which you do not feel you can discuss with the investigator. The University of Utah IRB may be reached by phone at (801) 581-3655 or by e-mail at

It should take about 30 minutes to complete the interview. Participation in this study is voluntary. You can choose not to take part.

By submitting this questionnaire, you are giving your consent to participate.

We greatly appreciate your participation in this important research study and thank you for your time.