1. Welcome to the Survey

You are invited to respond to this questionnaire about the use of ponds as Nature-based Solutions (NbS)* in the landscapes, also called pondscapes. The questionnaire is part of the PONDERFUL project: Pond Ecosystems for Resilient Future Landscapes in a Changing Climate, which has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 (H2020) research and innovation programme under grant agreement No ID 869296.

There are many scattered initiatives to create, restore and manage ponds across Europe. The aim of this questionnaire is to evaluate the role of these schemes as NbS for climate change adaptation, from the pond scale (local NbS) to the pondscape scale (landscape NbS).

Nature Contribution to Peoples (NCP)**

Specifically, here you are asked to provide one example of a NbS implemented in your pondscape, an example that you consider as particularly important and potentially of interest for other regions in Europe. This often will be pond/pondscape creation or pond/pondscape restoration. But it could also be pond/pondscape management, including pond infrastructure measures, pond management measures and land-use actions on the pondscape. You are asked also to indicate which Nature's Contribution to People (NCP** or Ecosystem Services) are potentially provided by your example of implemented NbS.

The questionnaire is extensive because it includes the three types of NbS and 11 NCP but you are only required to respond to the section related with the NbS implemented in your pondscape and the associated NCP. By responding "No" to a particular type of NbS, you will skip all the questions regarding this NbS. The estimated duration of the questionnaire is approximately 30 minutes: the exact duration will depend on the number of most successful NbS implemented in your pondscape.

The results of the survey will be used exclusively for the purpose of the PONDERFUL project. A report and a scientific publication will be available to the stakeholders and all contributors. If you wish, your name will be added as contributor in the PONDERFUL project deliverable, and in the acknowledgements of the scientific publication. You will be asked about these possibilities during the questionnaire.

Furthermore, a database of “case-studies” in NBS implementation will be made publicly available in 2023 and can potentially include your NBS (with your agreement).

The questionnaire is written in English, but if needed, you can open it through a translator (cf. https://www.deepl.com/) to support you as well.

*Nature-based Solutions (NbS) are defined by IUCN as “actions to protect, sustainably manage, and restore natural or modified ecosystems, that address societal challenges effectively and adaptively, simultaneously providing human well-being and biodiversity benefits”.

**Nature's contributions to people (NCP) are defined by IPBES as "all the contributions, both positive and negative, of living nature (i.e. diversity of organisms, ecosystems, and their associated ecological and evolutionary processes) to the quality of life for people".

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* 1. What is your contact information?

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* 2. By responding to the survey, I consent the processing of my personal data by the PONDERFUL project researchers and I am aware that the data will only be used for scientific purposes, in an anonymous way, and the results will only be presented in an aggregated form, so it will not be possible to identify data linked to particular people.
The data gathered through this questionnaire will be treated in line with the requirements of the EU Regulation on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data (GDPR; Regulation 2016/679; in force in Sweden from 25th of May 2018).