This research project has been approved by the California State University San Marcos Institutional Review Board, IRB Code Number: 893513-1. If you have questions regarding your rights as a research participant, please contact the university’s Institutional Review Board via phone 760-750-4029 or email

You are being invited to take part in an online research study. Before you decide to 
participate in this study, it is important that you understand why the research is being done and what it will involve. Please take the time to read the following information carefully and email any questions that you may have to the researcher, Stephanie Price (, or the advisor, Dr. Heike Mahler (

What is this study about? The purpose of this study is to validate a scale for use among people with a variety of psychiatric diagnoses. As part of this online study, you will be asked questions concerning your experiences and feelings. We estimate that it will take less than 45 minutes to complete this study. You must be at least 18 years old, fluent in English, and diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder to participate. Individuals from the following countries are eligible to participate:

United States
New Zealand
The United Kingdom
South Africa
What are the risks and benefits of being in the study? The researchers do not anticipate any risks other than those experienced in daily life. However, some items address sensitive and personal issues.

You may benefit by contributing to the development of a scale which may lead to further research and potential clinical applications. You may also feel good about helping research efforts.

What safeguards have been put in place to counter the risks of participation? Should you find a question upsetting, feel free to skip it and/or take a short break. You also reserve the option to withdraw from the study. If during or after participating you find that this study has caused you distress, we encourage you to contact a crisis call center in your area:

United States - The Crisis Call Center
Phone: (775) 784-8090
Text: Text "ANSWER" to 839863

Canada – Find a crisis center which serves your area

Australia – Lifeline
Phone: 1-300-13-11-14
National Emergency number dial 000

New Zealand – LifeLine NZ
Phone: 09-5222-999 (within Auckland)
Phone: 0800-543-354 (outside Auckland)

England - The Samaritans
Phone: 08457-90-90-90
Scotland - The Samaritans
Phone: 08457-90-90-90

Wales - The Samaritans

Ireland - The Samaritans
Phone: 18-50-60-90-90

Turkey - Emergency Hotline
Phone: 182

Germany – Telefonseelsorge
Phone: 0800 111 0 111
Phone: 0800 111 0 222
Chat support:

South Africa – Befrienders
Phone: 051 444 5691

Singapore - Samaritans of Singapore (新加坡援人協會)
Phone: 1800 221 4444

The questionnaire has been made as brief as possible and pilot tested for clarity of wording to minimize inconvenience. Further, you may leave items blank or discontinue participation at any time.

Is my participation voluntary? Yes, your participation in this study is entirely voluntary and you may withdraw at any time. Although it would be greatly appreciated if you would answer all material as frankly as possible, you may decline to answer any questions that you feel uncomfortable responding to by not selecting an answer to the question. You may also exit the survey entirely by closing your web browser. You will not be penalized for withdrawing from the study. In order to ensure that the data is scientifically meaningful and useful, it is very important that you complete the survey only once.

What will happen to my responses? All of your responses will be kept confidential. We will store your responses on SurveyMonkey for 2 months, after which they will be destroyed. Once downloaded from SurveyMonkey, your responses will be printed and stored in a locked cabinet within a locked office on campus, and only the researchers will have access to it. The data may be presented in professional psychological journals or at scientific conferences, but any such presentations will be of general, aggregated findings. Individual responses will not be reported and your confidentiality will never be breached. Results from this study will only be used for purposes related to research, including but not limited to publication in a scientific journal.
Will my responses be anonymous and confidential? Yes, your responses will be completely anonymous and confidential. You may discontinue participation at any time and can skip any questions that you do not wish to answer. No identifying information will be recorded, and so there will be no way to link your name to your responses. Moreover, your IP address will not be collected. Data will be kept in the on-line survey site’s databank until it is printed and stored in a locked cabinet within a locked office on campus. Only the researchers will have access to this locked cabinet. The records of this study will be kept completely private. In any sort of report that might be published, we will not include any information that will make it possible to identify any research participant.

Despite the safeguards, we have put in place to protect your anonymity and the confidentiality of your responses, please keep in mind that secure interactions cannot be guaranteed online. As an online participant in this research, there is always a risk of intrusion by outside agents (e.g. hackers). In order to keep your responses secure, they will be encrypted using a secure sockets layer (SSL) protocol which enhances the security of online communications.

Will I be compensated for my participation? There is no compensation for your participation.

Can I receive the results from this study? Should you be interested, you are entitled to a copy of the findings. If you would like to receive a copy of the results upon completion of the study, please email the researcher, Stephanie Price (, or the advisor, Dr. Heike Mahler (

Statement of Consent

I have read the above information. By clicking the ‘Next’ button, I understand that I am consenting to participate in the study.
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