Your opinion matters!

She:kon: All of your responses to this justice system survey will be confidential and used only for the Tribe’s internal study purposes.
 
Nia:wen and good luck in the drawing for four (4) $50 Twin Leaf gift certificates and other prizes!
 
The Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe received a federal grant to study Justice as it affects our community.  As you may have seen in the Tribe’s website and its Facebook page announcements, the Tribe is drafting a long-term Justice Strategic Plan in 2023, guided by an Advisory Board from across Akwesasne.  However, we need to know what you think and your experience with the justice systems in and affecting Akwesasne.  This is your opportunity to help shape justice into the future.
 
This is an informal survey.  There are currently five areas under study: (1) Elder Abuse Prevention and Response; (2) Reentry/Reintegration into the community after an absence due to prison or mental health absence; (3) Youth Justice alternatives in the Community, such as a program with peer/elder mentoring; (4) streamlining domestic violence protective orders; and (5) whether or not the Community feels that its best interest is served by the Tribe’s exercise of criminal jurisdiction over the crimes that occur on the territory that, generally, New York state currently prosecutes.  The types of crimes and extent of the penalties that can be charged on the Reservation are dictated by federal law.  Before the Tribe were to exercise criminal jurisdiction, the proposed plan would be brought before the Community in a formal referendum.

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* 1. What is your relationship to the Tribe or MCA? Please select all that apply.

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* 2. If you are a Tribal member or eligible, where do you reside?

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* 3. What is your gender

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* 4. What is your age? 

Section 2 – Your Personal Safety Perception

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* 5. When you are in Akwesasne, do you feel safe, unsafe, or neutral in the following locations?

  Safe Unsafe  Unsafe Alone or at Night
In your home
On the roads

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* 6. If you feel unsafe in any location in Akwesasne, where and when?

Section 3 –Perception of Criminal Justice Challenges – In General

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* 7. Regarding issues facing the Akwesasne community, please respond with whether you think each is a big problem, minor problem, not a problem, or you don't know.

  Big Problem Minor Problem Not a Problem I Don't Know
Public Drinking/Intoxication
Alcohol Abuse
Drug Abuse (nonprescription drugs)
Drug Abuse (prescription drugs)
Drug Dealing/Sales
Marijuana legalization
Smuggling (drugs)
Smuggling (people)
Smuggling (weapons)
Gangs
Theft
Assault (fighting, etc.)
Domestic Violence/Assault including stalking and Harassment
Rape/Sexual Assault
Sex Trafficking
Human Trafficking (labor)
Missing and Murdered Indigenous Men, Women and Girls (MMIWG)
Child Abuse/Neglect
Juvenile Delinquency
Elder Abuse
Hunting Violations
Waste disposal/ dumping
Untreated Mental Illness
Chronic Underemployment
Youth Suicide
Property Disputes
Traffic safety violations not involving drug or alcohol use 
Impaired Driving 
Section 4 – Perception of the Criminal Justice Challenges – From a Victim/Survivor’s Perspective
Your responses to Questions #8 to #12, like all your responses, will be kept confidential and used only for the Tribe’s internal study purposes.

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* 8. Have YOU been a victim/survivor of any of the following crimes in Akwesasne?

**If you answered NO, please jump ahead to Question #14.

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* 10. If you were a victim/survivor of one of the crimes mentioned in Question #9, did you report that crime?  If not, why not (use comment box)?

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* 11. If you were a victim/survivor  of one of the crimes mentioned in Question #9, did you seek out or receive any services?  What was the outcome?

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* 12. If you were a victim/survivor of a crime that occurred entirely or partly on the Saint Regis Mohawk Reservation in New York and charges were filed, in what criminal court was it handled?

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* 13. If you answered Question #12 affirmatively, please share your view on that experience.  Please indicate all the following that apply:

  True False Not applicable
I was treated consistent with tribal culture and values
I needed and utilized resources from the NY Victim Compensation Fund to cover medical or other expenses
The travel to court was a burden 
The court resolved the case in a manner that I approved 
I needed a protective order and was able to obtain it without any issues
I received the services I needed 
I needed but did not receive legal services for related civil issues, such as divorce, child custody, elder mistreatment, or misappropriation of my money  
Section 5 –Perception of Criminal Justice Challenges – From Experience within the Criminal Justice Systems

Your responses to Questions #14 to #16 as to being ARRESTED for a crime, like all your responses, will be kept confidential and used only for the Tribe’s internal study purposes.

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* 14. Have YOU ever been ARRESTED for a crime that occurred entirely or partly on the Saint Regis Mohawk Reservation?

 

** If you answered NO, please jump ahead to Question #17.

** If you answered YES, please answer these additional questions:

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* 15. If you were arrested due to a crime that occurred entirely or partly on the Saint Regis Mohawk Reservation in New York and charges were filed, in what criminal court was it handled?

 

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* 16. If you answered Questions #14 and #15 affirmatively, please share your view on that experience.  Please indicate all of the following that apply:

  True False Not applicable
I was treated consistent with tribal culture and values
I needed and utilized resources of a public defender 
I or a family member on my behalf needed information on the charges against me or them, and it was hard to get that information 
The travel to court was hard to arrange, either before or after trial
Travel for family to see the defendant in jail was difficult
I plead guilty in that court
I needed services for drug or alcohol abuse or addiction, and I received services during pendency of my case 
I needed services for drug or alcohol abuse or addiction, and I received services after sentencing in my case outside of jail or prison 
Section 6 – Former Incarceration and Reentry/Reintegration of Self, Family Member or Close Personal Friend Back to the Community

Your responses to Questions #17 to #20 as to INCARCERATION, like all your responses, will be kept confidential and used only for the Tribe’s internal study purposes.

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* 17. Have you, a family member, or close personal friend ever been in jail or prison for conviction of a crime anywhere?

* If you answered NO, please jump ahead to Question #21.  

** If you answered YES, please answer these additional questions:

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* 18. If “yes,” in what prison system(s) were you, your family member, or close personal friend incarcerated?

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* 19. If you, your family member, or close personal friend has been in jail or prison, how supported did you feel or did you observe that family member or close personal friend while incarcerated for transition, reentry, or reintegration to Akwesasne?  Please use the comment box for positive or negative things done by any person or program to help you, your family member or close personal friend, and/or your suggestions how to fill any gaps or needs. 

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* 20. If you, your family member, or close personal friend has been in prison, how supported did you feel you were, or did you observe that other person was after release and while reintegrating to the Akwesasne Community?  Please use the comment box for any positive or negative things done by any person or program to help you or the person you know well, and/or your suggestions how to fill any gaps or needs.

Section 7 – Familiarity with Justice Systems in Akwesasne

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* 21. Have you personally been involved in a case filed in the Saint Regis Mohawk Tribal Courts?

If you answered NO, please jump ahead to Question #23.

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* 22. If your response to Question #21 is "YES," what type of case it was and what was your role in the case?

  I Filed the Lawsuit in Tribal Court I Responded to a Lawsuit in Tribal Court 
Land Dispute
Probate (for example, a will or inheritance)
Landlord/Tenant
Child Support
Contract Dispute
Tort (for example, a personal injury or damages to personal property)
Divorce
Traffic
Adoption 
Healing to Wellness (Drug) Court
Family Treatment Court
Appeal from Tribal Commission, Division, Office 

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* 23. Have you personally been involved in a case or matter heard in the Community Neh Kanikonri:io Council?

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* 24. Have you personally been involved in a case or matter heard in the Akwesasne Court of the Mohawk Council of Akwesasne?

Section 8 –The Tribal Courts and the Study About a Possible Tribal Criminal Justice System

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* 25. SRMT Tribal Courts currently uses “restorative justice” practices in civil court matters in conjunction with tribal programs such as Behavioral/Mental Health, Alcohol/Chemical Dependency treatment, the Three Sisters Domestic Violence Program, the Family Advocates Office, and Traditional/Cultural Support) to help a native offender restore her or his life to balance. 

Do you agree that restorative justice programs are important in the SRMT Tribal Courts justice system?

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* 26. As stated in the background summary, the SRMT is assessing community interest in and the practicality of a Tribal Criminal Code and exercise of its lawful criminal jurisdiction over misdemeanors and some lower felonies by native persons that occur on the Reservation.  Generally, these are crimes that New York State currently prosecutes.  Before the Tribe exercised criminal jurisdiction, the Community would vote on it in a community-wide referendum, so this survey is informal. 

Do you support expansion of the Tribal Courts to include a criminal court and restorative justice practices to address criminal behavior by native persons on the Reservation?  Please use the comment box to comment further on why or why not you support the Tribe’s exercise of criminal jurisdiction.

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* 27. Do you support expansion of the SRMT Tribal Courts to include criminal jurisdiction over a non-native person who commits an offense against a native person on the reservation?

  Section 9 – Members Living Outside of the SRMT Community/Akwesasne
 

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* 28. If you live out of the Tribe's service area, please respond to this question. Do you have any observations or experiences outside of the Saint Regis Mohawk Tribal Community that you would like to share?

Section 10 – Final Reflection

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* 29. Any final comments? 

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* 30. PRIZE DRAWING -- Please provide your name and contact information for entry into prize drawings

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