The Integration of Second Generation Racialized Minorities in the United States and Canada

Introduction and Purpose
My name is Dan Cui.  I am a Social Sciences and Humanity Research Council (Canada) Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of California, Berkeley, working with my faculty advisor, Professor Frank Worrell, in the Graduate School of Education. We are planning to conduct a research study, which I invite you to take part in. You are being invited to participate in this study because we believe you may be interested in sharing your lived experiences in this country as an immigrant descendant. The purpose of this study is to investigate the social, cultural, and economic integration of racialized minority immigrant descendants in the United States and in Canada, specifically focusing on their school experience, postsecondary access/choices, work experience, and identity construction.

Before you begin the study, you will need to meet the following two criteria:
  • You are a second-generation immigrant descendant (i.e., your parents immigrated to the US/Canada from foreign countries) and at least one of your parents are members of racialized minority/non-white groups (e.g., Black, Latino, Asian.,etc).
  • You are between 18-35 years old.
If you meet these two criteria, I will ask you to:
  • Complete an online survey questionnaire, which may take you 30 minutes. The survey will involve questions about your school, university and work experiences, as well as your identity construction.
  • After the survey, if you agree to participate in an individual interview (preferably face-to-face, or Skype or phone call) with me, I will schedule a time and location (e.g., in my office). The interview will give you an opportunity to talk more about your experiences based on the survey questions. It should last about 1-1.5 hour.
With your permission, I will audiotape and take notes during the interview. The recording is to accurately record the information you provide, and will be used for transcription purposes only. If you choose not to be audiotaped, I will take notes instead.  If you agree to being audiotaped but feel uncomfortable at any time during the interview, I can turn off the recorder at your request.  Or if you don't wish to continue, you can stop the interview at any time.

There are no direct benefits to participate in this research. We hope that the information gained from this study will help educators, parents and policy makers to better understand the struggles and needs of immigrant descendants in the United States and Canada and provide relevant services and support to this population.

The study is based on some general questions about your educational and lived experiences. If you feel uncomfortable to address any of these questions, you are free to decline to answer any question you do not wish to. You can terminate the survey and interview at any time. You can withdraw your participation in the project at any time. As with all research, there is a chance that confidentiality could be compromised; however, we are taking precautions to minimize this risk.

Your study data will be handled as confidentially as possible.  If results of this study are published or presented, individual names and other personally identifiable information will not be used.

To minimize the risks to confidentiality, the data collected in this study will be kept confidential and participants will remain anonymous. You will be assigned a pseudonym and won’t be identified by real name in either survey, recording or interview transcript. All the data will be encrypted and password protected. All hard copies of documents and recordings will be identified only by code number and kept in locked filling cabinet of researchers. Only Professor Worrell and I can access the coded data.

When the research is completed, I may save the data for use in future research done by myself or others. I will retain these records for up to 6 years after the study is over. The same measures described above will be taken to protect confidentiality of this study data.

If you only fill up an online survey questionnaire, you will be entered in a drawing to win one of (20) $10 gift card. Prizewinners will be notified via email, which they leave in the survey questionnaire voluntarily.

After the survey, if you also choose to participate in an individual interview, you will receive a $25, or Tim Hortons/Starbucks gift card at the end of interview. Or we mail it to your address.

Participation in research is completely voluntary.  You have the right to decline to participate or to withdraw at any point in this study without penalty or loss of benefits to which you are otherwise entitled.

If you have any questions or concerns about this study, you may contact Dan Cui at or Professor Frank Worrell at 510 643-4891 or If you have any questions or concerns about your rights and treatment as a research subject, you may contact the office of UC Berkeley's Committee for the Protection of Human Subjects, at 510-642-7461 or

If you agree to take part in the research, please print a copy of this page to keep for future reference, then click on the “Accept” buttons (one for survey, the other for individual interview) below.

Question Title

* 1. I agree to participate in the online survey. 

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* 2. I agree to participate in a follow-up individual interview.

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* 3. My Contact Information (for individual interview)

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5% of survey complete.