Urban breeding birds of Sacramento, California, USA

Please indicate which bird species (listed below) breed every year in urban habitats within the city limits of Sacramento. Note that we are only interested in breeding; please do not select "yes" if the species only winters, migrates through, or visits, but does not breed, in your city.

Please note that not all urban breeding species are listed (only the focal species that we are studying), and many of the species listed may not breed in urban habitats.

"Urban habitats" include urban parks and ponds, and industrial, commercial, residential, and suburban areas, in addition to the downtown core, but do not include natural areas within the city (for example, wildlife preserves, conservation areas, or isolated patches of natural habitat).

If species have undergone a major decline recently (for example, Asian vultures, some aerial insectivores), please record the historical breeding status in your city.

All responses are anonymous; however, your are welcome to leave your name in the "Comments" section at the end. Responses are limited to one response per city per device. For more information on this study and links to surveys for other cities, please click here.

[Taxonomy and order follow the International Ornithological Congress, World Bird List (version 6.2) http://dx.doi.org/10.14344/IOC.ML.6.2]

* 1. Gadwall, Anas strepera

* 2. Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos

* 3. Cinnamon Teal, Anas cyanoptera

* 4. Northern Shoveler, Anas clypeata

* 5. Northern Pintail, Anas acuta

* 6. Redhead, Aythya americana

* 7. Great Blue Heron, Ardea herodias

* 8. Great Egret, Ardea alba

* 9. Snowy Egret, Egretta thula

* 10. Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura

* 11. Cooper's Hawk, Accipiter cooperii

* 12. Red-shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus

* 13. Swainson's Hawk, Buteo swainsoni

* 14. Red-tailed Hawk, Buteo jamaicensis

* 15. Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus

* 16. Eurasian Collared Dove, Streptopelia decaocto

* 17. Lesser Nighthawk, Chordeiles acutipennis

* 18. Anna's Hummingbird, Calypte anna

* 19. Lewis's Woodpecker, Melanerpes lewis

* 20. American Kestrel, Falco sparverius

* 21. Prairie Falcon, Falco mexicanus

* 22. Peregrine Falcon, Falco peregrinus

* 23. American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos

* 24. Northern Raven (Common Raven), Corvus corax

* 25. Tree Swallow, Tachycineta bicolor

* 26. Violet-green Swallow, Tachycineta thalassina

* 27. House Wren, Troglodytes aedon

* 28. European Starling (Common Starling), Sturnus vulgaris

* 29. Western Bluebird, Sialia mexicana

* 30. House Sparrow, Passer domesticus

* 31. House Finch, Haemorhous mexicanus

* 32. American Goldfinch, Spinus tristis

* 33. Lesser Goldfinch, Spinus psaltria

* 34. Yellow Warbler, Setophaga aestiva

* 35. Tricolored Blackbird, Agelaius tricolor

* 36. Red-winged Blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus

* 37. Song Sparrow, Melospiza melodia

* 38. Please rate your knowledge of the breeding birds of Sacramento from 1 (you know the city's birds a little bit) to 5 (you know the city's birds very well).

* 39. Please include any additional comments here (optional).
If you would like to hear about the results of this study, please leave your contact information. Note that the study may take a year or two to complete. Thank you!!