Welcome to the BSRA Safety Quiz for Rowers, Coxswains and Coaches.

The BSRA is aiming to provide a high level of safety information across ALL our member schools.
We are committed to educating rowers and coaches in effective safety behaviours that reduce risk in our programs.
Offering this quiz online opens the information to many audiences and we hope that through greater engagement with all our stakeholders we will build the highest standard operating procedures (SOP's) resulting in the best safety outcomes.
Thank you for participating in this quiz. 
It should take approximately 12 minutes to complete.

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* 1. What school are you representing in this quiz?

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* 2. What year level are you currently enrolled?

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* 3. Your School is tracing participation in this quiz. Please provide your initial and surname. Example, J. Bloggs

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Off water safety checks

Off water safety checks

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* 4. Off water safety checks prepare you for a safe and enjoyable row. BEFORE you launch it is important to consider visibility, weather and tide, checking that your equipment is in good working order and communicating with your coach.
  1. CHECK THE CONDITIONS
  2. CHECK YOUR EQUIPMENT
  3. SPEAK TO YOUR COACH
Choose as many answers as you believe correct.
Who is responsible for the OFF WATER SAFETY CHECKS?

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* 5. In the Off Water Safety Checks picture above, labelled BEFORE YOU BOAT, what are the THREE recommendations?

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* 6. CHECK THE CONDITIONS
  • Rowing and coaching boats must take particular care when in low light conditions, such as before and just after sunrise and just before and after sunset. Rowing and coaching boats must display a flashing white all-round light visible for two nautical miles. For rowing boats, this means a minimum of 180 degree flashing white light located on the centre line at the stern of the ship facing aft and a minimum 180 degree flashing white light located on the centre line at the bow of the ship facing forward.
  • Coaches tinnies must have a full 360 degree light visible on the stern and above the coaches head (so the head does not block the light).
  • Other river users profess that rowers are difficult to see in the darkness and in the changing light of dawn and dusk, even in good visibility, when the sun's glare is reflecting off the water. Appropriate safety clothing and/or caps are recommended to enhance your visibility.
  • If visibility is less than 1000 metres prior to departure, rowing boats should not go out on the water
  • If visibility is reduced to less than 1000 metres whilst on the water rowing boats should proceed with extreme caution back to their pontoon.
  • If there has been a storm and the tide or debris is creating unsafe conditions on the water, this should be a consideration when boating.
  • If a storm is forecast this should factor in your decision to boat.
Choose FIVE correct answers below.
Poor visibility can be caused by:

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* 7. Choose the correct answer.
Rowers should not go on the water if visibility is less than:

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* 8. The BSRA season in term 2 and term 3 experiences many training periods of darkness. Lights are necessary for all rowing boats and coaches tinnies in the early mornings and in the late afternoon/evening. Check the lights you attach to your boat before you launch to ensure that they are in good working order.

Maritime Safety Queensland (MSQ) allow rowing craft who use the Brisbane River to display a minimum 180-degree white flashing light located on the centre line at the stern facing astern and a minimum 180-degree white flashing light on the bow facing forward. (See the illustration below).

MSQ compliant boat lights must be activated on the [inset answer] in periods of low visibility and / or low light conditions

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Image showing correct lighting for rowing boats

Image showing correct lighting for rowing boats

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* 9. Choose the TWO correct answers.
The image above is a well lit 8+.
What rowing craft (unpowered) require lights in low visibility conditions?

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High visibility safety device

High visibility safety device

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* 10. Rowers in the BSRA season experience varying levels of light in training. Night conditions (darkness) exist in the very early morning sessions and in the later part of the evening sessions. The BSRA has recommended the use of caps as a safety device for ALL schools. These should be a high visibility colour with reflector attached. Seven BSRA member schools interact with CityCats and the masters have difficulty detecting rowers in compromised light conditions. Reflector material on the caps helps to overcome this. It is also helpful for other river users and coaches to detect/find rowers on the water.

Choose the correct answer.
Why do BSRA schools wear high visibility and reflector safety caps?

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* 11. Rowers should wear [choose your answer below] colours with reflective material on clothing/caps so that they can be easily detected by other river users.

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* 12. CHECK YOUR EQUIPMENT

Rowing equipment is robust but it also goes through a substantial amount of heavy duty wear and tear. It is important that you check your seat BEFORE each row.

Please choose from the answers below.
Presuming you are a rower, which checks are relevant to your seat/position in the boat?
1. Steering toggles and cables are straight and in good condition for the job at hand
2. The tuck shop menu
3. Rudder for steering is secure and not bent 
4. Boat is fitted with a white bow ball of not less than 4cm diameter
5. Foot stretcher is able to be moved and all nuts tight
6. Heel ties are in place (not looser than 7cm)
7. The pressure in the tyres
8. The sale price of leggings at Lululemon
9. Oar collar is tight and not too worn and the handle is clean
10. The wheels on your seat move freely and the slides are clean

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* 13. If you are acting as the coxswain for the session there are some things to know BEFORE you boat. Choose NINE answers below.

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* 14. SPEAK TO YOUR COACH
Your coach will help you to address any weather concerns or equipment issues. Your coach will impart the workload for the session and supervise you throughout the row. It is an important safety element that your coach is on the water at the same time as you (not later). Make sure you launch together so that safety guidelines of supervision are maintained. This is imperative especially with rowers who have limited experience.

Choose the correct answer.
When does your coach need to supervise you on the water?

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CityCat lights to look out for

CityCat lights to look out for

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* 15. The CityCat impacts on seven of the ten BSRA schools but CityCat lighting also translates to commercial vessels on other waterways you may train or compete on.

Choose the correct answer.
What lights are on the starboard side of the CityCat?

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Rowing boats are also referred to as passive craft (unpowered)

Rowing boats are also referred to as <strong>passive craft (unpowered)</strong>

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The outer and middle thirds of the Brisbane River

The outer and middle thirds of the Brisbane River

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* 16. The Brisbane River is sectioned into thirds known as the outer thirds and the centre third.

Choose the correct answer.
Which third is for rowers and other passive craft?

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Commercial and powered craft

Commercial and powered craft

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* 17. Choose the correct answer.
Powered vessels are restricted to which third of the Brisbane River?

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Passive craft

Passive craft

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* 18. Rowers stay on the right hand side of the river to the direction of travel (see the illustration above).
  • For coxes, the river bank will be on the Right hand side
  • For rowers, the river bank will be on the Left hand side
Choose the correct answer.
When travelling upstream and downstream which side of the river are boats required to travel?

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* 19. When you are intending to remain stationary on the river for a while eg. you just finished a piece, you are resting, you are having a drink, you are hot so need time to take off clothes, or receiving instructions from your coach, etc you should pull over to the side to give way to moving traffic. It is commonsense and allows the river traffic to run smoothly.

Here are 2 scenarios. Choose one appropriate answer.
Scenario 1: I am in a sculling squad of 5 and we are rowing upriver. Our coach is with the last sculler and I am up in front. I decide to stop and wait for everyone to catch up. 
Scenario 2: I am in an 8+ and we have just finished a piece, the crew is puffing and panting and we have 3 minutes before we start the next scheduled piece. We are all rehydrating and some are removing long sleeves and leggings as they are getting hot.

Don't stop in the middle of your third. Consider the boats that will inevitably catch up/bear down on you? It is rowing etiquette to move to the side while you are sitting. Staying safe and enjoying the sport means we all work with the rules and the etiquette.

When you stop do you move over to make way for the 'faster boat?'

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Crossing the river

Crossing the river

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* 20. As a guide, all vessels should cross in areas where they can be seen at a distance of 500 metres to 1000 metres.
Passive craft should cross the river by the most direct route, proceed with extreme caution and keep a proper lookout, making sure they have clear visibility both upstream and down stream.

Choose 3 correct answers below.
If you are preparing to cross the river and another rowing boat is bearing down on you with the likelihood of a collision what do you do?

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* 21. There are many river users: other rowing craft, coaches tinnies, pleasure craft (eg jet ski's) and CityCats. We all need to coexist. Rowers have specific etiquette which requires you to 'give way to the faster crew.'

If you are sitting in the middle of the river and a crew is bearing down on you, make sure you call out "take a look" or move out of their way.

If you are sitting for some time on the river receiving coaches instructions, it is a good idea to pull over so you are not in the main pathway of oncoming boats.

Remember they are going backwards and club boats are not generally accompanied by a supervising coaching tinnie. Your coxswain may not see the boats approaching as they are facing the other way. Your coach maybe facing the wrong way also.

The stroke seat or other members should be on the lookout and everyone is entitled to call out. Remember the words "TAKE A LOOK" and don't be afraid to use your voice. It will help everyone to stay safe.

Choose the 2 MOST correct answers. (In certain circumstances the answers from a) through to d) are correct. HINT: Choose 2 that are the MOST correct.)
Your coach and coxswain are engaged in a conversation facing your bow, while you sit waiting for the training instructions. If you are a rower in a boat and listening to your coach instructions and have sight of a Quad that is directly and swiftly approaching your stern, what do you call out to avoid a clash of blades or worse, a collision?

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CityCat blind spots

CityCat blind spots

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* 22. CityCats have blind spots due to their size. It is important you are aware of them to maintain visibility. Blind Spots are when a vessel can not see other vessels. A City Cat has two main blind spots:

  •  At the rear of the vessel a City Cat Master cannot see a rowing boat when it is inside the circular blue shape (see diagram). This extends to approximately 50 metres behind the rear of the City Cat and 54 metres from where the Master is positioned. Just greater than the length of an Olympic swimming pool.
  • On both sides of the vessel a City Cat Master cannot see a rowing boat which is closer than 11 metres to either side of the boat.
Choose the correct answer.
How far from the the Master at the controls, to the water at the rear, should rowers allow to ensure they are visible?

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CityCat signals

CityCat signals

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* 23. CityCat Masters use TWO signals to communicate with other river users:

  • The Yellow Light - When the yellow light is flashing it means the CityCat is in-service. The Master can usually be seen in the wheelhouse. If this light is not flashing - the CityCat is not in service.
  • The Horn - When a CityCat Master sounds the horn they are just letting you know what their intentions are.

Choose the correct answer.
What does it mean when the CityCat horn emits 1 Short Blast?

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* 24. Choose the correct answer.
What does it mean when the CityCat horn emits 2 Short Blasts?

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* 25. Choose the correct answer.
What does it mean when the CityCat emits 3 Short Blasts?

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* 26. Rowing boats do not have horns and rely on hand signals and the use of voice to communicate. If you are still unsure of the CityCat's intentions the coxswain should extend both arms high and wide in a gesture of question.

Choose the correct answer.
What does it mean when the CityCat emits 5 Short Blasts?

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Exclusion Zones on the Brisbane River

Exclusion Zones on the Brisbane River

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* 27. Exclusion Zones
What rowers can expect from the CityCats. When approaching or departing a terminal the Master of a CityCat should:
•Slow down to reduce wash
•Angle the CityCat at 45 degrees to indicate to other crafts that they intend to enter or depart an exclusion zone
•Stop and Give Way to passive crafts who are entering, transiting or exiting an Exclusion Zone

Choose the correct answer.
Nominated CityCat terminals on the Brisbane River have two yellow marker buoys to indicate the Exclusion Zone. How far are they set apart at the terminal?

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Image

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* 28. Approaching Exclusion Zones
Within 100m of an Exclusion Zone a CityCat must [choose your answer below] to reduce wash as they depart the centre third of the river.

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CityCat entry and exit

CityCat entry and exit

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* 29. CityCat use of Exclusion Zone
CityCats usually enter and exit the terminal based on their schedule. At University Qld St Lucia Terminal and the North Shore Hamilton Terminal, the CityCats can sometimes dock for long periods of time. You must determine whether this is the case and then proceed in the knowledge that the CityCat is not intending to move. 
When the CityCat is inside the exclusion zone the rowers must wait outside the exclusion zone until the CityCat leaves? True or False?

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* 30. When a rowing craft is inside the exclusion zone the CityCat must wait for the rowing boat to exit before it can access the pontoon. True or False?

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* 31.
The exclusion zones around the CityCat terminals require caution.

If there is a tide and you are required to wait outside the exclusion zone for a CityCat to enter or depart, you should leave enough room to compensate for the tide OR you should use your skill of 'backing' and 'tapping' to maintain your position without causing a danger to yourself or your crew.

The speed of your boat will vary depending on a number of variables (for eg):
·      The direction and pull of the tide
·      Whether you are in an 8+ or a single scull will make a difference
·      Or a coaches tinnie
These factors will need to be assessed when making a decision to enter an exclusion zone prior to an approaching CityCat. 

If you have determined that there is sufficient space for you to enter the exclusion zone prior to an approaching CityCat, DO NOT continue through the exclusion zone doing a warm up, arms only, half crew exercise.
GET IN AND GET OUT!

Choose the correct answer.
If there is a CityCat docked at a terminal with yellow light flashing waiting to depart, and there are other rowing craft within the exclusion zone prohibiting the CityCat from leaving, do you row in and join them? 

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Incident Reporting protocol for you school.

Incident Reporting protocol for you school.

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* 32. Choose the correct answer
If you have an incident on the water where someone was harmed or damage occurred to the boat, an incident report will be completed. As you are a student in the care of your school, your rowing director and coach (witness) will be responsible for completing the incident report form.

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* 33. Safety in racing requires good boat handling skills, gained over the training in term 2 and knowledge of the course and procedures. Boat Race Official visits will be organised through your school. This visit will clarify racing rules and etiquette. There is also a lot of information on the BSRA website that you can access here.

Please leave any comments or questions you may have below.

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