Miscellaneous nonhumans with anthropomorphic names are routinely credited as solo authors, coauthors and contributors in scientific publications, including research animals, pet animals and even personal computer. The increase in the number of nonhuman protagonists raises intriguing ethical questions and ushers in a sequential dilemma. Such practice of crediting nonhumans raises thought-provoking questions.

This online survey conducted by Tsinghua University, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hefei University of Technology, and University of Northern British Columbia. We thank you for your time spent taking this survey. Your response has been recorded.

If there are any issues or additional comments, you may contact Dr. Zhiwen Hu at huzhiw@cuz.edu.cn.

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* 1. What do you think about the crediting of animals or personal computer in scientific journals?

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* 2. What do you think about the present-day canon of publication ethics?

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* 3. Did these behaviors disrupt the present-day broad-brush canon of publication ethics?

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* 4. Should human-kin primates have naming priority over other laboratory animals?

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* 5. Should animals or machines used in scientific research be individually named?

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* 6. Would these nonhuman-crediting behaviours have a demonstration effect on collective behaviour?

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* 7. Should we rethink the theories of human-nonhuman collaboration?

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* 8. Do you know any funniest/strangest case of Nonhuman Authors Credit for Scientists in papers, whatever authorship(s) or contribution-ships (in acknowledgements)? Please post them here and your generous contribution is deeply appreciated!

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* 9. In case you encountered any issues with the survey or would like to leave a comment, feel free to do so in the text box below.

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