“Living Our Purpose:  Enrichment in Heritage” Trivia Questions

The first Africans arrived in the British North American colonies as enslaved people in 1619.  This year (2019) marks 400 years since that historic event.  Despite the tragic adversity of inhumane circumstances and struggles suffered, African Americans have persevered and contributed significantly and substantially to the United States and the world.  This week’s trivia questions will focus on historical facts about several of the many brilliant minds who lived their purpose and accomplished greatness for themselves and the nation in the face of prohibitions, injustices, and struggles suffered by African Americans during the times.  Please submit your responses to each question as directed.  A drawing will be conducted each week to select three participants to receive a gift.  Winning participants will be announced during the Taste of Heritage Fest on Sunday, February 24th.  Gifts will also be given at that time.

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* 1. This African-American inventor, scientist, botanist, professor, and humanitarian was known as the Peanut Man, received the 1923 Spingarn Medal, and was posthumously inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

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* 2. Born in 1867, she lived an inspirational life journey from the cotton fields in Louisiana to becoming the wealthiest African-American woman in America and the first self-made American millionaire of any race. This African-American hair-care entrepreneur, inventor, philanthropist, and activist was:

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* 3. Considered one of the most predominant African-American inventors of the 19th century, this engineer and inventor received the patent for his Lubricator Cup, which allowed steam trains to run continuously without pausing for maintenance, saving time and money, on May 27, 1873.

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* 4. She is the first African-American woman to hold a software patent in the United States. Called LinkLine, the software securely stored information about her EEO cases.

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* 5. Born in 1942 in Harlem, New York, this pioneer ophthalmologist, inventor, and academic is known for inventing a tool and procedure for the removal of cataracts using a laser beam called the Laserphaco probe.

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* 6. Born in 1918 in Pennsauken, New Jersey, he was the first African-American Microbiologist and the first African American department chair of Harvard Medical School. He became the first national director of the Minority Medical Faculty Development Program (MMFDP) at Harvard.

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* 7. This brilliant African-American inventor was born in Queens, New York in 1922 and was ahead of her time in creating a home security system that became the first surveillance device in effective security systems for home protection, known today as CCTV system.

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* 8. She was born in 1832 in Craven County, North Carolina and was an African-American known for inventing and patenting the iron board. In the 19th century, a woman who was an inventor was a rarity, let alone a female African-American inventor. Who was she?

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* 9. This inventor and research professor at Johns Hopkins University Whiting School of Engineering invented the first mike, officially known as the electroacoustic transducer electret microphone (ETEM) while working for Bells Labs.

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