Quiz #22 - Lent, St. Patrick, and Papal Documents

Question Title

* 1. How many Stations of the Cross are there? 

Answer:  Fourteen

“The Stations of the Cross began as the practice of pious pilgrims to Jerusalem who would retrace the final journey of Jesus Christ to Calvary.  Later, for the many who wanted to pass along the same route, but could not make the trip to Jerusalem, a practice developed that eventually took the form of the fourteen stations currently found in almost every church.”  From:  http://www.usccb.org/prayer-and-worship/prayers-and-devotions/stations-of-the-cross/index.cfm These Stations of the Cross consist of fourteen iconic stations depicting the events of Jesus' journey to crucifixion. However, in the last fifty years the practice of having a fifteenth station, which is not depicted by an icon, has become common except on Good Friday and is meant to remember Jesus' resurrection.

Question Title

* 2. St. Patrick called himself [select all that apply]:

Two Answers:  Briton and Roman

St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, was not actually Irish.  He was born in the late 4th century in Britain, near Dunbarton, Scotland.  He was the son of Calpurnius, a Roman from a family of high rank, and Conchessa, a near relative of St. Martin of Tours.  As a teenager, he was kidnapped by pirates and sold into slavery in Ireland.  After six years of captivity, God sent him a dream instructing him to leave Ireland by going to the coast where he’d find a ship that would take him back to Britain.  After his escape, it is thought that he visited his parents and then traveled to France where he became a priest and later a bishop.  His real name is believed to be Maewyn Succat, and he took the name Patrick when he was ordained a priest.  After becoming a priest, he received another dream sending him back to Ireland to “convert the pagans.” 
For a detailed biography, go to http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11554a.htm

Question Title

* 3. Under the 1983 revision of Canon Law, it is now permissible for a Catholic to join the Masons.

Answer:  False

"Since the decree ‘In Eminenti’ of Pope Clement XII in 1738, Catholics have been forbidden to join the Masons, and until 1983, under pain of excommunication. ... On Nov. 26, 1983, with the approval of Pope John Paul II, the Sacred Congregation reiterated the ban on Catholics joining the Masons: ‘The Church's negative position on Masonic association ... remains unaltered, since their principles have always been regarded as irreconcilable with the Church's doctrine. Hence, joining them remains prohibited by the Church.  Catholics enrolled in masonic associations are involved in serious sin and may not approach Holy Communion.’  However, neither this declaration nor the 1983 Code of Canon Law imposed the penalty of excommunication on Catholics belonging to the Masons." 
From: https://www.ewtn.com/catholicism/library/what-are-the-masons-are-catholics-allowed-to-belong-to-this-organization-1174

Question Title

* 4. Which pope wrote this in an encyclical “It is true that colonizing nations were sometimes concerned with nothing save their own interests, their own power and their own prestige; their departure left the economy of these countries in precarious imbalance . . . Certain types of colonialism surely caused harm and paved the way for further troubles.  On the other hand, we must also reserve a word of praise for those colonizers whose skills and technical know-how brought benefits to many untamed lands, and whose work survives to this day.”?

Answer:  Saint Pope Paul VI

The quote in the question is from paragraph 7 of the encyclical Populorum Progressio:  On the Development of People, by Saint Pope Paul VI on March 26, 1967.  From: http://w2.vatican.va/content/paul-vi/en/encyclicals/documents/hf_p-vi_enc_26031967_populorum.html

Question Title

* 5. Pope Francis’s post-synodal apostolic exhortation, Querida Amazonia, was released on February 12, 2020.  What is an apostolic exhortation?

Answer:  All of the above

“Apostolic exhortations are papal reflections on a particular topic which are addressed to all of the clergy and faithful. The form was first used by Pope Pius XII in 1939. Exhortations generally encourage a particular virtue or mission, and are given on specific occasions. They do not contain dogmatic definitions or policies, and they are not considered legislative documents.”
From:  https://library.athenaeum.edu/c.php?g=30820&p=193150