GHG emissions are generated by various activities that are largely commonplace in daily life. The Hollister CAP will assess recent and projected future levels of GHGs, establish GHG emission reduction targets, and set forward policies and a roadmap to help meet the city’s GHG reduction goals.

The first step in preparing a CAP is the preparation of assessments called GHG inventories to quantify the amount of GHG emissions that the Hollister community generates and to set targets for reducing such emissions. The inventories will assess emissions that are attributed to the community through the activities of residents, businesses, and visitors. Some daily activities release emissions in the location of the activity, such as gases released anytime a car is driven. On the other hand, some activities cause emissions to be released elsewhere, such as someone using electricity to power their home, which generates emissions in the location of the power plant that supplies the power, and not in the home itself.

The Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments (AMBAG) Energy Watch program prepares GHG inventories for all member jurisdictions, including the City of Hollister. To date, AMBAG has assisted the City with preparation of their 2005, 2010, 2015, 2017, and 2018 community-wide GHG emissions inventories. The community-wide GHG inventory evaluates emissions released from several sectors, including residential, nonresidential (commercial and industrial), transportation, solid waste, and wastewater. The Hollister community emitted 105,001 metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalents (MTCO2e) in 2018. Of these emissions, approximately 45 percent came from the transportation sector, 25 percent from the residential sector, 14 percent from the nonresidential (commercial and industrial) sector, 16 percent from the solid waste sector, and less than one percent from the wastewater sector. Within the residential and the nonresidential (commercial and industrial) sectors, emissions are broken down into two subsectors: electricity and natural gas use. Among the residential sector, approximately 14 percent of emissions came from electricity and 86 percent from natural gas. Similarly, among the nonresidential sector, approximately 24 percent of emissions came from electricity and 76 percent from natural gas.

The AMBAG GHG inventories show that Hollister reduced their annual community-wide GHG emissions by 16 percent between 2005 and 2018, while continuing to add jobs, new homes, businesses, and residents to the community. Most of the GHG emission reductions occurred in the residential and the commercial and industrial sectors, particularly the electricity subsector. These sectors were largely successful in such a dramatic reduction due to increased renewable energy sources provided through Central Coast Community Energy (3CE), previously known as Monterey Bay Community Power. While emissions from transportation and solid waste activities increased from 2005 to 2018, the decreases in emissions associated with energy use were enough to offset this change.

Central Coast Community Energy (3CE), previously known as Monterey Bay Community Power, is the default electricity provider in Hollister. Local governments in the region created 3CE to provide greater choice over sources and prices of electricity, as well as providing increased access to certain funding sources. Central Coast Community Energy will provide 100 percent clean and renewable energy by 2030 – 15 years ahead of California’s requirement of 100 percent zero-carbon energy by 2045.The State’s current goals and targets are as follows:

- Reduce GHG emissions to 1990 levels by 2020
- Reduce GHG emissions 40 percent below 1990 levels by 2030
-  Net carbon neutral emissions by 2045
- Reduce GHG emissions 80 percent below 1990 levels by 2050

Question Title

* 1. Which of the following greenhouse gas emission reduction strategies, if any, should be included in the General Plan and Climate Action Plan? (Choose as many as desired.)