* 1. Name and/or Badge ID Number:

D. Siganos
Patient selection and preoperative preparation

* 2. Following MYOPIC LASIK, which is true?

* 3. Accurate tonometry readings following LASIK can be obtained by:

G. Kymionis
Lasers in refractive surgery

* 4. The depth of ablation for an excimer laser is related with the?

* 5. In excimer laser ablation of the cornea, the thermal stress depends on:

J. Holladay
Corneal topography and IOL power calculation

* 6. When trying to correlate changes in refraction and changes in topography, which map would be the most helpful:

* 7. Small details such as central islands, mild surface irregularities are best seen on:

* 8. Keratoconus has all of the following topographic characteristics, except:

T. Kohnen
Incisional and coagulative corneal procedures: principles, technique and results

* 9. On which principle does laser thermal keratoplasty work?

* 10. Incisional surgery using limbal relaxing incisions are used for correcting astigmatism up to:

J. Krumeich
Overview of microkeratomes

* 11. Use of the Femtosecond laser will create a more exact outcome of the refractive correction than a linear Microkeratome

* 12. There are almost no complications seen when using the Femtosecond laser to create the flap

R. Bellucci
LASIK: surgical technique

* 13. The diameter of the flap is affected by:

* 14. After the cut, the flap is “taco” folded for:

J. Hjortdal
Surface ablation techniques (SATs): surgical technique

* 15. Which of the following is not a risk factor for post surface ablation haze?

* 16. Which of the following patients is not an ideal candidate for surface ablation?

D. Epstein
Results of corneal refractive surgery

* 17. For which of the following ranges of myopia can the best outcomes be expected in LASIK?

* 18. Based on published and clinical experience, one would anticipate the worst outcome when performing
hyperopic LASIK on an eye with the following preoperative refraction:

D. Touboul
Intracorneal ring segments for ectatic disease

* 19. The best candidate for intracorneal ring implantation for keratoconus is:

D. Epstein
Refractive lens exchange

* 20. Independent risk factors for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment following refractive lens exchange (RLE) include:
1. retinal detachment in the contra-lateral eye
2. axial length > 26mm
3. lattice retinal degeneration
4. Nd:YAG capsulotomy

* 21. The incidence of angiographic cystoid macular oedema (CMO) is considerably higher than of visually significant CMO:

A. Marinho
Overview of phakic IOLs

* 22. To implant a phakic IOL the minimal distance from the corneal endothelium to the anterior surface of the natural lens is:

* 23. A patient with the following refraction: +4.00 cyl +3.00 x90 may be implanted with:

O. Findl
Multifocal IOLs

* 24. Which one of the following is an optical phenomenon typical of multifocal IOLs?

* 25. In which of the patient groups below has multifocal IOL technology been used most commonly and successfully for presbyopic refractive lens exchange (PRELEX)?