This research titled "Assessing Permit population trends and conservation threats in South Florida using recreational angler and guide knowledge" is being conducted by Carleton University (Ethics Clearance # 110697) and funded by Bonefish and Tarpon Trust to document the current and historical status of the Permit fishery in South Florida to assess population trends and potential conservation threats. This information will be used to help improve conservation efforts and fishing opportunities. Your participation is voluntary and you have the right to withdraw from this survey by exiting at any time. You may choose not to answer any questions if you feel discomfort. Once competed, your answers cannot be withdrawn. Your responses are anonymous unless you choose to provide your email address. In this case, the email address will be kept confidential and may be used by the researcher to request additional information. There are no potential risks to completing this survey and there will be no impact on services if you do not wish to participate. By answering these survey questions you are consenting to the use of this information for the above-mentioned purposes. If you have any questions about this research please contact the lead researcher Dr. Jake Brownscombe at jakebrownscombe@gmail.com, or Carleton University Research Ethics Board-B Chair Dr. Bernadette Campbell by phone at 613-520-2600 ext. 4085 or via email at ethics@carleton.ca. This survey will require approximately 8 minutes to complete. Your data will be stored and protected by Survey Monkey in the United States, but may be disclosed via a court order or data breach. Thank you for taking the time to complete the survey. 

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* 1. What is your age?

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* 2. What is your gender?

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* 3. In what ZIP code is your home located? (enter 5-digit ZIP code; for example, 00544 or 94305)

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* 4. Are you a professional fishing guide?

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* 5. How many years have you been guiding/fishing in South Florida?

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* 6. How many days per year do you guide/fish in South Florida?

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* 7. What region(s) do you guide/fish in?

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* 8. How many days per year do you target Permit specifically?

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* 9. In what months do you fish for Permit?

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* 10. How many Permit do you (for guides: and your clients) catch per year?

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* 11. In what regions do you fish for Permit?

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* 12. In what habitats do you fish for Permit?

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* 13. How do you fish for Permit?

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* 14. Do you (or your clients) ever harvest Permit?

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* 15. In the time you have been guiding/fishing on the Flats, how would you rate Permit fishing quality in terms of the number of shots (opportunities to cast) at Permit?

Very Poor = less than 3 shots per day
Poor = 3 to 5 shots
Fair = 5 to 10 shots
Good = 10 to 20 shots
Very Good = more than 20 shots

  Very Poor Poor Fair Good Very Good
1975
1985
1995
2005
2010
2015
2019

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* 16. In the time you have been guiding/fishing on Shipwrecks and/or Reefs, how would you rate Permit fishing quality in terms of the number of shots (opportunities to cast) at Permit?

Very Poor = less than 3 shots per day
Poor = 3 to 5 shots
Fair = 5 to 10 shots
Good = 10 to 20 shots
Very Good = more than 20 shots

  Very Poor Poor Fair Good Very Good
1975
1985
1995
2005
2010
2015
2019

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* 17. What is the average size of Permit you have observed or caught over the time you have been guiding/fishing?

Very Small = less than 18 inches fork length (<5 lbs)
Small = 18 to 23 inches (5-10 lbs)
Medium = 23 to 26 inches (10-15 lbs)
Large = 26 to 29 inches (15-20 lbs)
Very Large = over 29 inches (20+ lbs)

  Very Small Small Medium Large Very Large
1975
1985
1995
2005
2010
2015
2019

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* 18. How has Permit fishing quality changed since you started guiding/fishing?

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* 19. Are there a specific time periods you noticed fishing quality changing?

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* 20. What factors have influenced Permit fishing quality?

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* 21. Please explain how the factors you selected above are influencing Permit fishing quality (optional)

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* 22. If you are interested in potentially providing more information at a later date on your experience in the South Florida Permit fishery, please provide your email. It will not be shared with anyone outside of the scientists conducting the study and you will not receive any emails except for the specific purpose of this request. 

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