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* 1. FOCUS ON SIGNIFICANT CONTENT
At its core, the project is focused on teaching students important knowledge and skills, derived from standards and key concepts at the heart of academic subjects.

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* 2. DEVELOP 21st CENTURY SKILLS
Students build skills valuable for today’s world, such as critical thinking/ problem solving, collaboration, and communication, which are taught and assessed.

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* 3. ENGAGE STUDENTS IN IN-DEPTH INQUIRY
Students are engaged in a rigorous, extended process of asking questions, using resources, and developing answers.

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* 4. ORGANIZE TASKS AROUND A DRIVING QUESTION
Project work is focused by an open-ended question that students explore or that captures the task they are completing.

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* 5. ESTABLISH A NEED TO KNOW
Students see the need to gain knowledge, understand concepts, and apply skills in order to answer the Driving Question and create project products, beginning with an Entry Event that generates interest and curiosity.

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* 6. ENCOURAGE VOICE AND CHOICE
Students are allowed to make some choices about the products to be created, how they work, and how they use their time, guided by the teacher and depending on age level and PBL experience.

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* 7. INCORPORATE REVISION AND REFLECTION
The project includes processes for students to use feedback to consider additions and changes that lead to high-quality products, and think about what and how they are learning.

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* 8. INCLUDE A PUBLIC AUDIENCE
Students present their work to other people, beyond their classmates and teacher.

© 2011 Buck Institute for Education

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