1. Introduction

This short questionnaire asks you for your views on the use of penalty shoot-outs. In particular, we want to find out your views on the use of penalty shoot-outs to determine the result of football matches in international tournaments (World Cup etc.) that are drawn after extra time.

There are no right or wrong answers to the questions; we are just interested in your views.

This questionnaire should take no more than five minutes to complete.

There are just two pages of questions.

If you have any questions or queries about this survey, please contact Jon Billsberry (j.billsberry@open.ac.uk), Nathalie van Meurs (n.van-meurs@open.ac.uk) or Patrick Nelson (P.nelson@open.ac.uk) at the Open University.

Many thanks for your help in completing this survey. It is much appreciated.