This survey is for people responsible for managing solid waste in their community either as government or service providers. It has been developed as a partnership between the Solid Waste Association of North America's Pacific Chapter -BC & Yukon, WildSafeBC and the Province of BC.

Solid waste that is accessible to wildlife is considered one of the leading causes of human-wildlife conflict for bears and other animals. Reducing conflict by reducing access to these attractants is a high priority for WildSafeBC and many communities seeking to become a certified Bear Smart Community.  However, every community has unique challenges and capacities to make their solid waste management systems more bear-resistant.

WildSafeBC is the provincial leader in preventing conflict with wildlife through collaboration, education and community solutions. One of those solution is by providing bear-resistant product testing in partnership with BC Wildlife Park in Kamloops. This testing follows the same protocols as the Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee. However, simply adopting bear-resistant containers is not the panacea for reducing conflict and challenges remain when these are used in high conflict areas as the only solution. WildSafeBC is interested in pooling our collective knowledge on what has worked well and what challenges remain so that we can better understand and share best practices. We also hope to support ongoing discussions to increase accessibility to these solutions.

Please take a moment to complete this survey. In order to protect your privacy, this survey is anonymous and will be kept strictly confidential. No individuals will be identified and no comments will be attributed to any individual in any reports or communication resulting from your input.

The survey will take approximately 10 minutes.

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* 1. To assess demographics, what is the population size of your community?

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* 2. How is your residential waste currently collected? Select all that apply.

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* 3. What waste streams are collected or can be brought to a centralized location? Select all that apply.

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* 4. Who is responsible for the curbside solid waste collection contract?

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* 5. Who are the solid waste contractors that provide services to the following:

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* 6. Is your landfill protected by a functioning electric fence?

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* 7. Are your transfer stations protected by a functioning electric fence?

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* 8. How effective have the electric fences been at excluding bears? Please comment on any challenges you may have had.

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* 9. Does your community currently use bear-resistant bins for curbside garbage collection?

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* 10. If yes, please provide brand, model and size(s).

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* 11. Does your community currently use bear-resistant bins for curbside organics collection?

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* 12. If yes, please provide brand, model and size(s).

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* 13. Does your community currently use bear-resistant bins for curbside recyclables collection?

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* 14. If yes, please provide brand, model and size(s).

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* 15. Are there any curbside program changes in progress or planned in the next year or two? Select all that apply.

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* 16. If your community uses curbside bear-resistant bins, please answer the following questions. If not, skip to question 22. Enter "don't know" if you are unsure.

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* 17. What would you estimate is the percentage of your bear-resistant containers that have failed or been damaged by bears in the past year?

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* 18. If you have had bear-resistant containers fail, please rank the causes of failures.

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* 19. If you answered "other" in the previous question, please describe the cause of failure.

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* 20. Do you have bylaws around set out times for solid waste that prohibit them from being placed on the curb prior to the collection day?

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* 21. If you answered yes to the previous question, how are the bylaws enforced? Select all that apply.

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* 22. What are some of the biggest challenges in your community in preventing bears from accessing solid waste? Select all that apply.

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* 23. We recognize that reducing human-wildlife conflicts is a complex issue that involves multiple agencies, levels of government and public interest to address. In terms of improving solid waste management solutions to reduce these conflicts, what would be your interest level in future involvement? Select all that apply.

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* 24. If you are interested in being part of a working group, how often are you able to meet?

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* 25. Do you have other challenges or successes you would like to share?

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* 26. Do you have any further comments?

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* 27. Please provide the following information in case we have follow up questions. As mentioned, no individuals or communities will be identified and no comments will be attributed to any individual in any reports or communication resulting from your input.

Thank you for taking the time to answer this survey. 
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