Factor Structure of the Social Phobia and Social Interaction Anxiety Scales

Investigator: Caitlin Condit

Purpose and Procedure:

The goal of this study is to more clearly understand anxiety in Asian Americans and Caucasian Americans. This study will include a number of questionnaires concerning a variety of experiences. This study will contribute to the study of psychological science and emotions, at large.

If you decide to participate in this research study, you will be asked to sign this consent form. Your participation in this project will involve responding to seven questionnaires and is expected to take approximately 30 minutes to complete. Should you have any questions about the consent form or the questionnaires, please contact Caitlin Condit.

Participation in this study is voluntary, meaning you may choose to discontinue participation in this study at any time. You are not obligated to answer any questionnaire items that you do not wish to answer. You may exercise both of these rights at any time without any penalty whatsoever.

Exclusion Criteria:

You cannot participate in this study if you are under the age of 18 or have previously participated in this study.

The results of this study will be coded in such a way that the respondent’s identity will never be attached to the final form of this study. The researcher maintains the right to use and publish non-identifiable data. While individual responses are confidential, aggregate data will be presented using averages or generalizations about the responses as a whole. All data will be stored in a secure location available solely to the researcher. Upon completion of the study, all information that corresponds to individual respondents with their answers will be destroyed. You will receive a copy of this form for your own records.


Participation in this research study is entirely voluntary. Though you will not receive tangible benefits for your participation, your contribution to this study will benefit ultimately by contributing to the scientific community’s knowledge of anxiety.

Potential Risks:

In completing the study’s questionnaires, you will be asked to answer questions related to experiences of anxiety. As a result, there may be some minor, temporary emotional discomfort associated with filling out these questionnaires. Any discomfort you may experience is expected to be brief, and does not pose any foreseeable long-term psychological risks.

Potential Benefits:

Your participation in this study will provide valuable information on the nature of anxiety. You will also have the opportunity to experience how psychological research is conducted.

Questions about the Study
If you have questions or concerns during the time of your participation in this study, or after its completion or you would like to receive a copy of the final aggregate results of this study, please contact:

Caitlin Condit
American University
Telephone: (410) 310-5387

Dr. Michele Carter
American University
Telephone: (212) 885-1712

Questions about Your Rights as a Research Subject

Maria Ivancin
Chair, Institutional Review Board
American University

Matt Zembrzuski
IRB Coordinator
American University

Giving of Consent

I have read this consent form and I understand what is being requested of me as a participant in this study. I freely consent to participate and have been given adequate answers to my questions. The investigator provided me with a copy of this form. I certify that I am at least 18 years of age. Please sign below:

2. Please Provide your Ethnicity (please check all that apply)

3. *If you don't identify as Asian American or Caucasian/European American, you don't need to take the rest of this survey*

Please Indicate if you Identify with any of the following regions (please check all that apply)

4. Please Indicate your Mother's ethnicity (please check all that apply)

5. Please Indicate if your Mother identifies with any of the following regions (please check all that apply)

6. Please Indicate your Father's ethnicity (please check all that apply)

7. Please Indicate if your Father identifies with any of the following regions (please check all that apply)

8. Do you consider yourself to be 1st, 2nd, or 3rd generation?

9. Your Age:

10. Your Gender:

11. Your Current Marital Status:

* 12. Your Primary Language:

13. If English is not your primary language, do you consider yourself fluent in English?

14. Your Highest Level of Education Completed:

15. Your Average Pre-Tax Household Income per Year:

16. SPS

Please Indicate the degree to which you feel each statement is characteristic or true of you:

  NOT AT ALL characteristic or true of me SLIGHTLY characteristic or true of me MODERATELY characteristic or true of me VERY characteristic or true of me EXTREMELY characteristic or true of me
1. I become anxious if I have to write in front of other people
2. I become self-conscious when using public toilets
3. I can suddenly become aware of my own voice and of others listening to me
4. I get nervous that people are staring at me as I walk down the street
5. I fear I may blush when I am with others
6. I feel self-conscious if I have to enter a room where others are already seated
7. I worry about shaking or trembling when I'm watched by other people
8. I would get tense if I had to sit facing other people on a bus or train
9. I get panicky that others might see me to be faint, sick, or ill
10. I would find it difficult to drink something if in a group of people
11. It would make me feel self-conscious to eat in front of a stranger at a restaurant
12. I am worried people will think my behavior is odd
13. I would get tense if I had to carry a tray across a crowded cafeteria
14. I worry I'll lose control of myself in front of other people
15. I worry I might do something to attract the attention of others
16. When in an elevator I am tense if people look at me
17. I can feel conspicuous standing in a line
18. I get tense when I speak in front of other people
19. I worry my head will shake or nod in front of others
20. I feel awkward and tense if I know people are watching me

17. SIAS

For each question, please indicate the degree to which you feel the statement is characteristic or true of you:

1. I get nervous if I have to speak with someone in authority (teacher, boss, etc.)
2. I have difficulty making eye-contact with others
3. I become tense if I have to talk about myself or my feelings
4. I find it difficult mixing comfortably with the people I work with
5. I find it easy to make friends of my own age
6. I tense-up if I meet an acquaintance on the street
7. When mixing socially, I am uncomfortable
8. I feel tense if I am alone with just one person
9. I am at ease meeting people at parties, etc.
10. I have difficulty talking with other people
11. I find it easy to think of things to talk about
12. I worry about expressing myself in case I appear awkward
13. I find it difficult to disagree with another's point of view
14. I have difficulty talking to an attractive person of the opposite sex
15. I find myself worrying that I won't know what to say in social situations
16. I am nervous mixing with people I don't know well
17. I feel I'll say something embarrassing when talking
18. When mixing in a group, I find myself worrying I will be ignored
19. I am tense mixing in a group
20. I am unsure whether to greet someone I know only slightly

18. STAI-Y1

A number of statements which people have used to describe themselves are given below. Read each statement and then indicate how you feel RIGHT NOW, that is, AT THIS MOMENT. There are no right or wrong answers. Do not spend too much time on any one statement but give the answer which seems to best describe your PRESENT feelings best:

1. I feel calm
2. I feel secure
3. I am tense
4. I feel strained
5. I feel at ease
6. I feel upset
7. I am presently worrying over possible misfortunes
8. I feel satisfied
9. I feel frightened
10. I feel comfortable
11. I feel self-confident
12. I feel nervous
13. I am jittery
14. I feel indecisive
15. I am relaxed
16. I feel content
17. I am worried
18. I feel confused
19. I feel steady
20. I feel pleasant

19. STAI-Y2

A number of statements which people have used to describe themselves are given below. Read each statement and indicate how you GENERALLY feel. There are no right or wrong answers. Do not spend too much time on any one statement but give the answer which seems to describe how you GENERALLY feel:

21. I feel pleasant
22. I feel nervous and restless
23. I feel satisfied with myself
24. I wish I could be as happy as others seem to be
25. I feel like a failure
26. I feel rested
27. I am calm, cool, and collected
28. I feel that difficulties are piling up so that I cannot overcome them
29. I worry too much over something that really doesn't matter
30. I am happy
31. I have disturbing thoughts
32. I lack self-confidence
33. I feel secure
34. I make decisions easily
35. I feel inadequate
36. I am content
37. Some unimportant thought runs through my mind and bothers me
38. I take disappointments so keenly that I can't put them out of my mind
39. I am a steady person
40. I get in a state of turmoil as I think over my recent concerns and interests

20. MEIM

In this country, people come from a lot of different cultures and there are many different words to describe the different backgrounds or ethnic groups that people come from. Some examples of the names of ethnic groups are Hispanic, Black, Asian-American, Native American, Irish-American, and White. These questions are about your ethnicity or your ethnic group and how you feel about it or react to it. Please fill in: In terms of ethnic group, I consider myself to be:

21. MEIM Continued...

1. I have spent time trying to find out more about my own ethnic group, such as its history, traditions, and customs.
2. I am active in organizations or social groups that include mostly members of my own ethnic group
3. I have a clear sense of my ethnic background and what it means for me
4. I think a lot about how my life will be affected by my ethnic group membership
5. I am happy that I am a member of the group I belong to
6. I have a strong sense of belonging to my own ethnic group
7. I understand pretty well what my ethnic group membership means to me
8. To learn more about my ethnic background, I have often talked to other people about my ethnic group
9. I have a lot of pride in my ethnic group and its accomplishments
10. I participate in cultural practices of my own group, such as special food, music, or customs
11. I feel a strong attachment towards my own ethnic group
12. I feel good about my cultural or ethnic background

22. SCS

This is a questionnaire that measures a variety of feelings and behaviors in various situations. Listed below are a number of statements. Read each one as if it referred to you. Circle the statement that best matches your agreement or disagreement. Please respond to every statement. Thank you.

1. I enjoy being unique and different from others in many respects
2. I feel comfortable using someone's first name soon after I meet them, even when they are much older than I am
3. Even when I strongly disagree with group members, I avoid an argument
4. I have respect for the authority figures with whom I interact
5. I respect people who are modest about themselves
6. I will sacrifice my self-interest for the benefit of the group I am in
7. I'd rather say "No" directly, than risk being misunderstood
8. Having a lively imagination is important to me
9. I should take into consideration my parents' advice when making education/career plans
10. I prefer to be direct and forthright when dealing with people I've just met
11. I am comfortable with being singled out for praise or rewards
12. If my brother or sister fails, I feel responsible
13. I often have the feeling that my relationships with others are more important than my own accomplishments
14. Speaking up during a class (or a meeting) is not a problem for me
15. I would offer my seat in a bus to my professor (or my boss)
16. I act the same way no matter who I am with
17. My happiness depends on the happiness of those around me
18. I value being in good health above everything
19. I will stay in a group if they need me, even when I'm not happy with the group
20. Being able to take care of myself is a primary concern for me
21. It is important to me to respect decisions made by the group
22. My personal identity, independent of others, is very important to me
23. It is important for me to maintain harmony within my group
24. I am the same person at home that I am at school (or work)