'Paper sons' is a term used to refer to many Chinese immigrants ineligible for legal entry to the U. S. under the Chinese exclusion law (1882-1943) who gained entry through purchase of 'papers' of Chinese who were eligible such as the family members of merchants.
Since the paper son method was 'illegal,'many Chinese immigrant parents probably did not reveal or discuss this procedure with their children. However, there is little real evidence about the extent of communication about 'paper son' status within families.
The goal of this brief ANONYMOUS survey is to learn the extent to which descendants of "paper sons"
√ knew about this status of parents (or other relatives) √ how, and at what age, they learned about it √ what impact this knowledge had on them and their peers
This survey takes only a few minutes, but can provide some valuable information about this important aspect of Chinese American history. You do not have to give your name and your responses will be combined with those of other respondents and your identity is protected.
Questions and comments can be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org Thank you for your participation!