1. Purpose of Paper Sons Survey

100% of survey complete.

'Paper sons' is a term used to refer to many Chinese immigrants ineligible for legal entry to the U. S. under the Chinese exclusion law (1882-1943) who gained entry through purchase of 'papers' of Chinese who were eligible such as the family members of merchants.

Since the paper son method was 'illegal,'many Chinese immigrant parents probably did not reveal or discuss this procedure with their children. However, there is little real evidence about the extent of communication about 'paper son' status within families.

The goal of this brief ANONYMOUS survey is to learn the extent to which descendants of "paper sons"

√ knew about this status of parents (or other relatives)
√ how, and at what age, they learned about it
√ what impact this knowledge had on them and their peers

This survey takes only a few minutes, but can provide some valuable information about this important aspect of Chinese American history. You do not have to give your name and your responses will be combined with those of other respondents and your identity is protected.

Questions and comments can be sent to jrjung@yahoo.com
Thank you for your participation!

* 1. How old were you when you learned that one or both parents had 'paper son' status?

* 2. Who was the first to tell you that your parents or other relatives were 'paper sons' (or daughters)?

* 3. Which of these feelings did you have when you first discovered your parents being 'paper sons'? You can choose more than one.

* 4. What did your parents say if you ever asked them about their paper son status?

* 5. Which of the following are your CURRENT feelings about the paper son status of your parents? You can choose more than one.

* 6. Growing up, check off any of the following to whom you mentioned or discussed your parents' paper son status?

* 7. How many childhood friends had parents that you knew were paper sons?

* 8. Your Sex

* 9. Your age group

* 10. Where Did You Grow Up?