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1. The Issue in Brief

This is a research project to explore attitudes toward infant male circumcision.

Little is known about how most circumcised and intact (uncircumcised) men feel about their condition, or about how women feel about circumcision.

We are interested in learning about your attitudes, not in changing your attitudes. Therefore every attempt has been made to keep this survey unbiased and neutral.

For example - activists who oppose infant male circumcision do not use the word "uncircumcised" to apply to a man who has not had his foreskin removed. They argue this term implies that something has been left undone, and perhaps it should have been done. They use instead the word "intact".
But proponents of male infant circumcision complain that "intact" has a connotation of "complete" or "as it should be" or "undamaged", which they also feel is an unfair bias. In trying to solve this problem, this survey uses both and describes a man who has not had his foreskin removed as "intact (uncircumcised)". We hope that both groups will accept this terminology without feeling it is prejudicing the results of this survey.

After you have completed this survey, you will be asked your opinion about whether we have succeeded in our goal of neutrality.

As you may know, activists in several American cities have been pushing for a complete ban on infant male circumcision. Citizens of San Francisco will vote on making circumcision against the law in November of this year.

Opponents of this legal ban claim that it would violate religious freedom, that circumcision is medically valuable and helps prevent disease, and that many cultures have a long and cherished tradition of circumcision that must be respected. For example, many Jews believe that infant male circumcision is a covenant with God, and therefore sacred.

Supporters of the initiative say that religious freedom does not include the right to alter another person's body, that circumcision is genital mutilation that greatly reduces sexual pleasure by removing the most sensitive part of the penis and allowing the unprotected glans to become dry, keratinized, and desensitized, that it does not prevent the spread of disease, and that it is a violation of human rights to alter a person's body without his permission.