As computers continue to rapidly evolve and become more powerful, further technological developments will in the near future meet natural barriers that will considerably challenge the potential for the exponential growth we have experienced over the past half-century. As transistors - the fundamental component of processors and memory - continue to shrink, their size approaches that of a few atoms. This reduction in size cannot continue forever because it impacts the way matter behaves as the laws of quantum physics (the very small) supplant the laws of classical physics (Newtonian mechanics).
Quantum Information Technology (QIT) is one of the approaches being considered as a potential replacement or complement to our existing "classic" Information Technology (IT). The scientific community, governmental agencies, and private companies around the globe are investing considerable efforts and resources towards the realization of a practical quantum computer. While we know in theory how such system should work, the necessary engineering remains a huge challenge.
Solving technical implementation hurdles is however likely a question of time and we therefore ask the question of what happens afterwards? Even if we had practical quantum computing technology today, how would it fit and integrate in the existing infrastructure? IT is a fairly well regulated industry based on standards and best practices. Taking these into accounts in the early design of quantum information technology would naturally facilitate future integration and inter-operability. Involving IT computer experts in the initial stages and factoring in classical IT experiences should also further ensure sound practices and increase the compliance and adoption prospects.