For the past 10-15 years, the private sector has been playing an increasingly important role in the governance of global agri-food value chains, through the development and adoption of private voluntary standards. The rapid emergence of private voluntary standards, especially in the livestock sector, has raised profound interest in their impact on agri-food system governance, the environment, social equity, market inclusion, and human and animal health.

In this survey, ‘private voluntary standards’ refers to regulations, codes of conduct, and guidelines created, enforced, certified, regulated, and followed by private, non-governmental entities. These standards are created to facilitate coordination of agri-food value chains between firms by promoting the use of credible information on the nature of products and the conditions under which they are produced, processed, transported, distributed, and sold. Suppliers working with non-governmental standard-setting entities must follow these appropriate regulations, codes of conduct, and guidelines in order to access specific markets.

The goal of this survey is to better understand the structure and impact of private voluntary standards in the livestock sector and to help FAO enhance stakeholder inclusion in the livestock value chain.

The survey will take 15-20 minutes of your time. Please answer the questions to the best of your ability. Your participation is voluntary and FAO treats responses confidentially; only aggregate results will be published.

If you have questions or concerns, please contact Irene Hoffmann at