Name:

Question Title

* 1. Name:

T. Kohnen
Incisional and coagulative corneal procedures: principles, techniques and results
On which principle does laser thermal keratoplasty work?

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* 2. On which principle does laser thermal keratoplasty work?

Incisional surgery using limbal relaxing incisions are used for correcting astigmatism up to:

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* 3. Incisional surgery using limbal relaxing incisions are used for correcting astigmatism up to:

J. Krumeich
Overview of microkeratomes
Use of the Femtosecond laser will create a more exact outcome of the refractive correction than a linear Microkeratome

Question Title

* 4. Use of the Femtosecond laser will create a more exact outcome of the refractive correction than a linear Microkeratome

The applanation of a femtosecond microkeratome is softer than the one of a mechanical microkeratome and creates a better surface

Question Title

* 5. The applanation of a femtosecond microkeratome is softer than the one of a mechanical microkeratome and creates a better surface

D. Touboul
Intrastromal corneal implants
The best candidate for intracorneal ring implantation for keratoconus is:

Question Title

* 6. The best candidate for intracorneal ring implantation for keratoconus is:

E. Rosen
Refractive lens exchange
Independent risk factors for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment following Refractive lens exchange (RLE) include:

1. retinal detachment in the contra-lateral eye
2. axial length > 26mm
3. lattice retinal degeneration
4. Nd:YAG capsulotomy

Question Title

* 7. Independent risk factors for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment following Refractive lens exchange (RLE) include:

1. retinal detachment in the contra-lateral eye
2. axial length > 26mm
3. lattice retinal degeneration
4. Nd:YAG capsulotomy

The incidence of angiographic cystoid macular oedema (CMO) is considerably higher than of visually significant CMO.

Question Title

* 8. The incidence of angiographic cystoid macular oedema (CMO) is considerably higher than of visually significant CMO.

A. Marinho
Overview of phakic IOLs
Which is the minimal AC depth for implantation of Phakic IOls?

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* 9. Which is the minimal AC depth for implantation of Phakic IOls?

The following phakic IOL is suitable to correct the following refraction: sph +6.00 cyl+3.00x 90º

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* 10. The following phakic IOL is suitable to correct the following refraction: sph +6.00 cyl+3.00x 90º

O. Findl
Multifocal IOLs
Which one of the following is an optical phenomenon typical of multifocal IOLs?

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* 11. Which one of the following is an optical phenomenon typical of multifocal IOLs?

In which of the patient groups below has multifocal IOL technology been used most commonly and successfully for presbyopic refractive lens exchange (PRELEX)?

Question Title

* 12. In which of the patient groups below has multifocal IOL technology been used most commonly and successfully for presbyopic refractive lens exchange (PRELEX)?

G. Grabner
Presbyopia
Select the true statement:
The theory for accommodation (and the development of presbyopia) - that is scientifically validated is:

Question Title

* 13. Select the true statement:
The theory for accommodation (and the development of presbyopia) - that is scientifically validated is:

The correction of presbyopia is currently NOT possible by:

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* 14. The correction of presbyopia is currently NOT possible by:

R. Applegate
Quality of vision evaluation
The optical transfer function has two components the modulation transfer function (MTF) and the phase transfer function (PTF).

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* 15. The optical transfer function has two components the modulation transfer function (MTF) and the phase transfer function (PTF).

As the pupil dilates from approximately 3 mm to 6 mm in diameter:

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* 16. As the pupil dilates from approximately 3 mm to 6 mm in diameter:

C. Roberts
Biomechanics of the cornea
What are the hallmarks of the biomechanical response to laser refractive surgery?

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* 17. What are the hallmarks of the biomechanical response to laser refractive surgery?

Which of the following is the greatest source of artifact in Goldmann tonometry?

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* 18. Which of the following is the greatest source of artifact in Goldmann tonometry?

J. Güell
Refractive reoperations and enhancements
Which statement is false about bioptics:

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* 19. Which statement is false about bioptics:

The most efficient treatment for epithelial ingrowth after LASIK is:

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* 20. The most efficient treatment for epithelial ingrowth after LASIK is:

V. Katsanevaki
Optical complications of refractive surgery
How do human eye’s optical aberrations correlate with pupil size?

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* 21. How do human eye’s optical aberrations correlate with pupil size?

Which are the major limitations of “super vision”?

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* 22. Which are the major limitations of “super vision”?

R. Nuijts
Complications of phakic IOLs
Which statement is WRONG?

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* 23. Which statement is WRONG?

Which statement in RIGHT:

Question Title

* 24. Which statement in RIGHT:

G. Kymionis
Customised ablational procedures
The main problem of conventional treatments for the correction of myopia is that they induce changes in the spherical aberration of the eye. Optimized treatments are those that consider:

Question Title

* 25. The main problem of conventional treatments for the correction of myopia is that they induce changes in the spherical aberration of the eye. Optimized treatments are those that consider:

In a case of residual refraction and night visual symptoms caused by a previous laser surgery with a small optical zone, the correction is better performed by:

Question Title

* 26. In a case of residual refraction and night visual symptoms caused by a previous laser surgery with a small optical zone, the correction is better performed by:

T