Please note that the survey questions refer to autonomous vehicles (defined as such based on Level 5 automation) and their implementation in the United States.

To establish a common language, the U.S. Department of Transportation and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration have adopted automation levels 0 to 5 as shown below:

Level 0 (No automation): This is where the vast majority of cars and trucks are today. The driver handles steering, throttle, and braking (ST&B), monitoring the surroundings, as well as navigating, and determining when to use turn signals, change lanes, and turn. But there can be some warning systems (blind-spot and collision warnings).

Level 1 (Driver assistance): Vehicles in this level can handle S or T&B, but not in all circumstances, and the driver must be ready to take over those functions if called upon by the vehicle. That means the driver must remain aware of what the car is doing and be ready to step in if needed.

Level 2 (Partial automation): The vehicle handles ST&B, but immediately lets the driver take over if he detects objects and events the vehicle is not responding to. In these first three levels, the driver is responsible for monitoring the surroundings, traffic, weather, and road conditions.

Level 3 (Conditional automation): The vehicle monitors surroundings and takes care of all ST&B in certain environments, such as freeways. But the driver must be ready to intervene if the vehicle requests it.

Level 4 (High automation): The vehicle handles ST&B and monitoring the surroundings in a wider range of environments, but not all, such as severe weather. The driver switches on the automatic driving only when it is safe to do so. After that, the driver is not required.

Level 5 (Full automation): Driver only has to set the destination and start the vehicle, the vehicle handles all other tasks and make driving decisions based on the traffic conditions which in conventional vehicles a human traditionally makes.

* 1. Please identify yourself with one of the following categories:

* 2. Please identify the role you hold in your organization?

* 3. How strongly do you agree/disagree with the following statement:

”Autonomous vehicles will replace the majority of conventional vehicles at some unknown period within the next 30 years”.

* 5. How strongly do you agree/disagree with the following statement: 

”The transition to a passenger mobility concept will be serviced by company-owned vehicles rather than individually-owned ones”.

* 6. How strongly do you agree/disagree with the following statement:

”The progress from conventional vehicles to autonomous vehicles will be a gradual process rather than a fast shift”.

* 7. According to a survey conducted by the International Parking Institute, conventional vehicles stay parked 90% of the time. If adopted rapidly and in scale, autonomous vehicles will become more efficient and will spend more time on the road. 

How strongly do you agree/disagree that this will result in increased congestions in cities in the interim period when there are both conventional and autonomous vehicles on the road?

* 8. How strongly do you agree/disagree that autonomous vehicles will account for the majority of the following trips in 30 years?

  Strongly agree Somewhat agree Nether agree, nor disagree Somewhat disagree Strongly disagree
Trips starting and ending in the same city
Trips between an airport and a nearby city
Trips representing commuting for work between a suburb and a city within 20 miles
Trips representing commuting for work between a suburb and a city over 20 miles
Personal or leisure trips including tourism trips within 20 miles
Personal or leisure trips including tourism trips between 20 to 50 miles
Personal or leisure trips including tourism trips over 50 miles

* 9. Let's assume that the reduced demand for parking space deriving from the emergence of autonomous vehicles, will be offset by less supply as (1) public authorities remove parking space requirements for new developments and (2) urban population continues to grow.

How strongly do you agree/disagree that as a result of that, supply and demand for parking space will stay similar to today’s level.

* 10. How strongly do you agree/disagree with the following statement:

”The demand for surface and on-street parking in cities will diminish if autonomous vehicles are adopted in mass”.

* 11. How strongly do you agree/disagree with the following statement:

”Asset managers and operators need to take actions in the medium-term (3 to 10 years) to adapt parking facilities for autonomous vehicles usage”.

* 12. How strongly do you agree/disagree with the following statement: 

"In the next 30 years the emergence of autonomous vehicles will reduce the value of parking assets".

* 13. How strongly do you agree/disagree with the following statement:

“Autonomous vehicles implementation will create opportunities for new business models to evolve within the parking industry in the medium-term (3 to 10 years)”.

* 14. If  you have any comments, please insert them below:

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