Partnership in the development of green supply chains based on the automotive industry

The main objective is to examine the current situation of the Green Supply Chain in Automotive Industry. As well  predict possible scenarios for the Development of Green Supply Chain in Automotive  industry in the next 10 years. The second objective is to formulate Green Supply Chain parntnership's model  based on the analysis of the experiences of companies in the automotive industry.

The definition of Green Supply Chain  by S. K. Srivastavy [Srivastava, 2007]

"Management of green supply chain is associated with a full cycle of design, manufacture, packaging, sales, use and recycling, taking into account the processes of storage transport and exchange of information, which should comply with the relevant environmental standards."

The survey questionnaire has been prepared for all participants in the supply chain (from the 3 rd supplier to the final customer).

Supplier 3 row (TIER–THREE SUPPLIER)

Supplier 2 row (TIER–TWO SUPPLIER)

Supplier 1 row (TIER–ONE SUPPLIER)

Transportation company*  The company provides services including  transportation or as well storage, integrated logistics management  (3PLor 4PL companies)



Final customer* *  The final customers will be transport companies who buy trucks. Thus, it may happen that a transport company, which  providing services to the automotive industry will be as well end users.

Parent company*** is the main link in the supply chain, company which dictates trends for other partners in the supply chain

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* 1. In what country is your headquarters located?

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* 2. About how many employees work at your organization?

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* 3. Please kindly fill which part of supply chain is your company?

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* 4. Please indicate where main parent company (main link which dictates trends) is located in the major supply chain?

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* 6. What form of agreement does involve your company with the parent company?

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* 7. What type of relation does  involve your company with the parent company?

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* 8. How would you rate your cooperation in the supply chain with parent company?

  very weak weak average strong very strong
Access to relevant databases of partners business
Speed of information flow
Trust between partners
Joint planning and forecasting
Sharing the risks and benefits of partnership
Joint commitment to reach the target
Promoting green solutions along the supply chain
Joint recyckling process
Green transport policy
Joint environmentally friendly raw materials politics
Joint flow of packaging
Policy of joint CO2 emission elimination
Using alternative energy sources
Using fully electric vehicles

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* 9. What are the requirements imposed by parent company, strategic supplier or strategic customer to your company  in the field of managing green supply chain?

  parent company strategic supplier strategic customer
Respecting code of cunduct
ISO 14 000 group certificate
working with CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility)
Following technological and technical solutions
Using unified IT system
Using environmentally friendly raw materials
Policy of joint recycling process
Using alternative fuel vehicles (hybrid, CNG, LPG, others)
Using at leat EURO 5 norms vehicles

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* 10. Criteria  for  selection different partners in the green supply chain?

  Supplier 3 row Supplier 2 row Supplier 1 row Manufacture Transport company Dealer Final customer
closest location for the factory
low price of the product/service
high quality of the product/service
companie's good financial position
provide added value for the group
has ISO group 14000
has CSR (corporate social responsible)
high range of product/service
the use of environmentally friendly raw materials
Waste reduction and recycling program
Planning green transport
Use multimodal transport
Improving energy and resource efficiency
Use alternative or renewable energy sources
Information transparency and openness
not applicable

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* 11. How it's logistics organized in your company?

  insourcing outsourcing
internal transport
external transport
integrated logistics
inventory management
municipal waste
industrial waste
IT administration

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* 12. Pleaes identify areas of cooperation in automotive group?

  Supplier 3 row Supplier 2 row Supplier 1 row Manufacture Transport company Dealer Final customer
strategic decisions
one mission and vission
one goal
one road map for nearest future
tactical decisions
strategic decisions
operational decisions
Joint production planning
Joint delivery planning
Joint  buyer planning
one IT system in all involved parties
one and same environment policy
the same standarts of working
one packaging standard
Joint paper reduction
Joint energy use
Joint green transport
Joint recyckling
Joint waste reduction
Joint industrial waste management
Joint use of environmentally friendly raw materials politics
Fostering a green business culture
Developing environmental management systems and monitoring
Training programs for all involved parties on new green solutions
Training programs for final customer on economic driving

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* 13. Please evaluate the use of pro-environmental aspects in creating the image of the company as well as its functioning?

  very weak weak average strong very strong
Proper selection of business partners (management responsibility)
One environmental regulation for all partners of supply chain
Creating a new 'green' image of the company
 % of Saving energy
% of Saving water
% of Saving paper
New technology for supporting green solutions in the supply chain
Joint recyckling process
Joint multimodal transport
Policy of joint environmentally friendly raw materials
Joint industrial waste
% of industial waste recycling
Usage of alternative fuel vehicles-hybrid
Usage of alternative fuel vehicles-CNG, LPG
Usage of fully electric vehicles
Participation in social actions for the environmental protection

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* 14. Please evaluate internal factors which influence on green supply chain?

  very weak weak average strong very strong
A small number of specialized, trained employees
A small number of companies meeting the environmental requirements
Big budget needed for improving and implementing  information system supporting green solutions
Little interest on other parts of supply chain for this type of green services
Operational difficulties in managing the  return logistics
The difficulty of the unification of all parts of supply chain to a common observance of environmental rules
The difficulty of the unification of all parts of supply chain to a common observance of environmental rules
Hard to keep up with the rapid changes in legislation and laws regarding environmental management

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* 15. Please evaluate the external factors which influence green supply chain management

  very weak weak average strong very strong
European Unions laws regulation  on environmental protection
Socio-political situation in the world
The use of new technologies (innovative drives, fuels and engines, etc.)
Global warming (changing weather conditions)
Political conflicts in the world