The aggregated and anonymous results to the following questions are intended to augment my research on 19th century cellar excavation methodologies, and explore archaeologists’ experiences excavating 19th century cellar features, in light of  the Ontario Ministry of Tourism, Culture & Sport’s provisions in their Standards and Guidelines for Consultant Archaeologists (2011), specifically, in Section 4.2.7 “site-specific requirements: 19th century domestic archaeological sites” (p. 82).

Standard #3 states that the licenced archaeologist must hand excavate a minimum of two opposing quadrants (e.g., northeast and southwest quadrants) in larger cellar features and record all exposed profiles.

Guideline #1 of Section 4.2.7 allows that, based on professional judgement, the consultant archaeologist may excavate all four quadrants, and may use mechanical means to remove heavy post-use fill above the living strata (p.82).

Based on your experiences, please answer the following:

* 1. Have you or your company excavated 19th century cellar features previously?

* 2. If Yes, how do you, or your company, excavate cellar features?

* 3. Based on your answer to question 2, can you please briefly explain the rationale for the methodology you employ?

* 4. Have you or your company’s experiences excavating cellars mostly occurred:

* 5. If you have any additional observations about the practice of excavating cellars and the Standard in 4.2.7 of the S&G, please feel free to comment below.